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For generations women have been fighting for equality in our country. Although there have been many advances in this movement women are still treated unequally today. One of the most critical problems with women\'s rights today deals with women in the work place. Human rights violations against women must be documented, publicized, and stopped. Human rights violations against women have for too long been denied the attention and concern of international organizations, national governments, traditional human rights groups, and the press. Meanwhile, hundreds of millions of women around the globe continue to endure debilitating and often fatal human rights abuses (equalitynow.org, 1). No one could reasonably argue that women and men live exactly the same kinds of lives or that they have the same experiences in society. In addition, there is an obvious division of labor between men and women. Very few women appear among the ranks of the powerful (Sapiro, 19).
All over the world women\'s rights are violated and too many times they are ignored. In India a ten-year-old girl was sold by her father to a sixty-year-old man for $240. At a boarding school in Kenya 300 boys attack the girls dormitory, raping 71 of the girls. A fourteen-year-old girl in Ireland is raped by her father and becomes pregnant, she is prohibited to travel to get an abortion. Not only do these terrible acts go on in other countries, these very things also occur in the United States. A 51-year-old woman is stabbed nineteen times and killed by her former boyfriend after she had gone to authorities numerous times to get protection form harassment, but all charges were dropped. All of these cases are just a small part of all the injustices women all over the world endure everyday (equalitynow.org, 1).
The women\'s movement began in 1848. On July 19 and 20 several women meet and call the meeting for women\'s rights at the Seneca Falls Convention. In 1850 Lucy Stone and other feminists met in Massachusetts and draw up a resolution demanding for suffrage and equality. The Second National Women\'s Rights Convention is held in 1851. In 1852 Susan B. Anthony sets up the Women\'s New York State Temperance Society, and Stanton acts as the president. In 1860 women fill in for men in the factories and stores during the Civil War. Anthony and Stanton draft a petition demanding for Congress to initiate an amendment to prohibit several states from disenfranchising any citizens on the grounds of sex in 1866. Then in 1869 the National Woman Suffrage Association is formed to push for an amendment guaranteeing women the right to vote. Four years later Anthony and sixteen other women are arrested for trying to vote. Then in 1878 Stanton and Anthony present the Anthony Amendment to Congress . The amendment gives women the right to vote and is reintroduced each year for the next 41 years until it becomes the 19th Amendment. In 1890 17.2% of the work force are women wage earners, this meant that more than 4 million women were working. Finally in 1919 the 19th Amendment is approved by the House and the Senate. Then in 1920 the amendment is ratified and declared official (Marino, 1).
American society is marked by sex differentiation and sex stratification. The liberal approach to explaining women\'s status is based on the notions of liberty, independence, and the natural rights of the individual. Women, just like men, are born equal and free. Women must be free from artificial constraints on their lives in order to be able to discover what is good for them. When women appear inferior to men it is due to the social forces instituted by individuals who did not know better (Sapiro, 50).
Gender roles are organized patterns of behavior we follow that are based on our interpretation of the significance of sex. They structure our choices and guide our behavior in ways that are viewed as gender appropriate (Sapiro, 73). Many times women are taught to grow up and act feminine as well as take on the many roles that are falsely identified with females. In our society it is believed that women\'s roles or actions are determined by biology and cannot be changed (Sapiro, 74).
Sigmund Freud believed that human personalities are not sex differentiated at the time