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The field I wish to pursue is that of respiratory therapy. When I was a child was when my first interest in respiratory therapy was aroused. As a child I was sick a great deal with various lung ailments that required frequent hospitalizations. I would always revel in the fact that how intelligent and courtesy the respiratory therapist were that took care of me. They were so good at what they did and they always made me “feel better.” I wanted to be like them. That thought had never deviated since I decided that was what I wanted to do.

(1)Respiratory therapy is a result of specialization trends of the late 60’s in health care. At first referred to as “inhalation therapy”, respiratory practitioners did very little. They were initially one the job trainees, trained by nurses, who did medial chores that nurses didn’t have time or didn’t want to do. This consisted of a lot of the time consuming activities such as setting up oxygen, delivering IPPB’s, ultrasonic nebulizers, chest physiotherapy and setting up machinery such as croup tents and ventilators. These technical chores involved no interpretation of the reasoning behind these mechanisms but only how to “monkey” the steps involved in performing them. This “early” practitioner had absolutely no autonomy as they had only technical skills and other employees such as nursing normally surpassed those skills.

(2)The field of respiratory care has since evolved a great deal. Beginning in the seventies formal respiratory programs were initiated. This formalized training would not only teach an individual the technical aspects of the field but also a moderate amount of the theory behind them. As in most fields, this increase in education was shortly followed by credentialing exams to “certify” the respiratory practitioners. These exams were used to “prove” the skills and information that the practitioners actually have learned. Two separate exams could be taken dependent on level of skill and/or education. The CRTT, which labeled the individual a certified respiratory therapy technician, this was the entry-level exam. When a practitioner became certified a certain amount of prestige was achieved. These credentials showed that these technician demonstrated more competence that those who did not have these credentials. The RRT or registered respiratory therapist indicated a higher level of understanding of reparatory skills and typically involved an increase in pay scale. At that time only a minimal amount of autonomy was present with this certification, however the prestige was greater in that typically only supervisors and directors were “registered”.

(1)As the implementation of formalized training began many of the number of technical schools teaching these skills began to arise. More importantly for the profession many colleges began associate degree programs in the area of respiratory care. These programs were focused directly on the treatment of respiratory patients. These programs had many of the same requirements such as nursing degrees at the time but had also respiratory specific classes. The individuals were required to take Chemistry, Physics, Anatomy and Physiology, Microbiology, Pharmacology, and more. As these new “educated” therapist began to arise the responsibilities and tasks of the therapist began to increase. The therapist was now not only involved in physically treating the sick individual but now knowing what and why to treat on a sick individual. As more and more formally educated practitioners were put into the work force the on the job trainee began to lose their positions to better-trained individuals. This was initially hospital policies or departmental preference but soon became to be the law with the advent of state licensing. With the increase knowledge base of practitioners came a state licensure. The state licensures typically stopped all hiring of OJT’s and often times limited the scope of the practicing OJT technicans. Other states required the OJT’s to pass the standardized CRTT exam to work. This CRTT exam quickly became the benchmark of the profession. If you did not pass the test you did not work. This left many OJT’s that had been in the field for years that were technically sound without at a job. These individuals typically were forced into “non-skilled” arenas of hospital work, such as housekeeping and laundry, in order to keep their jobs, insurance, and their diligently worked for retirement. These licensure laws also assured