1- Definition : Piercing is The process of perforating skin in which a needle or
a gun is used to create a hole in the flesh then a jewelry can be
inserted to hold the opening...

2- Types:There are basically two types of piercings. The first type is purely
aesthetic. The sensations they provide are visual and psychological.
Navel, eyebrow, ear and nose piercings fall into this category The second
category (genitals and nipples) provides more sensual and physiological delights.

3- Methods:1- Piercing guns:

Piercing guns are commonly used to pierce the ear and nose.
Guns using pre-sterilised studs and butterflies with protective disposable
fittings are preferable as there is no direct contact of the gun with the client\'s
skin. After every use, the gun must be wiped over with 70% alcohol, or another
suitable disinfectant. Piercing guns must be used only as recommended by the

2-Catheter needle

The catheter needle is a pre-sterilised needle in thin plastic tubing, used for
piercing all areas of the body.
The needle is passed through the skin and withdrawn leaving only the tube in place.
A sterile stud or ring is then inserted into the tube and the tube withdrawn.
Care should be taken to ensure minimal handling of the jewellery.
A new sterile needle must be used for each client .
Piercing methods involving direct contact with the client\'s skin are not recommended.

3- How is it done?

The skin is pulled firm with a surgical clamp, and then, with a "needle and
thread action," the opening is created with a large (12-16 gauge) hollow
needle thrusted through the site, followed quickly by inserting the body
jewelry to maintain the opening (Armstrong et al., 1994). A small amount of
bleeding occurs with the piercing and manual pressure is applied. Recently,
there has been a lot of discussion about the piercing gun versus the needle.
Piercing guns have been used for years in mall and department stores for piercing
people of all ages. Today, though, professional body piercers want to see the gun banned.
Sterility is just one of the possible problems with gun piercing. Tissue trauma is
another. The gun forces a blunt stud through the skin, causing it to literally rip
in order to make room for the jewelry. Then, it pinches the back of the jewelry in
place snugly against the skin, allowing no way for the new wound to breathe and heal
properly. The customer is then told to turn the jewelry a couple times a day, which only
further pushes growing bacteria into the wound, causing infection.

Jewellery used in body piercing must be made of materials that can be sterilised
by autoclaving before insertion, eg. surgical steel and gold.
Jewellery must also be suitable for the area pierced eg. Gemstones and some gold
or silver alloy bead rings are not suitable for genital piercing.
Cheap imported garbage on the market now contaminte the wearer permanently!

2) Why piercing ?
DESPITE needling from parents, sports officials and authority figures, celebrities,
athletes, and now teens and adults are taking the body-piercing trend to another level.
Once associated with punk rockers, bikers and prison inmates, body-piercing is now
popular with middle-class adults in all occupations, including some doctors like psychiatrist
Walter Shervington, who has a pierced ear.

Done without anesthesia, the actual piercing is done quickly and then an object such as
jewelry is usually inserted into the pierced area. Despite the risky nature of body-piercing
, the trend apparently is here to stay. It\'s cheaper ($25-$125) compared to $50 to $2000-plus
for tattoos, according to one published report; it takes less time than tattoos, which can
take hours to apply, and body-piercing is easily reversed.
some other reasons adolescents offer for body piercing is that (a) it is a form of body art,
(b) it is fashionable, (c) it makes a personal statement, (d) it is daring (e) killing boredom
or (f) the need for a change...etc etc

Some who have piercings also have tattoos, but many other adolescents say they would never
get a tattoo because "they are too permanent." They see the biggest advantage to body
piercing is that if they don\'t like it, they simply remove the jewelry and the hole closes.