Propganda



PROPAGANDA BATTLES
Though propaganda has never been a substitute for military strength, extensive
resources, or skillful negotiation, it has often played an important role in wartime
strategy.(Propaganda,1) Propaganda really influnced both sides of World War II. In this
paper I will show why the Nazi party best benifited from the use of prapaganda. Adolf
Hilter use it to turn people against jews, blacks and about every one else that was not
German and he also use it to make people want to join Nazi army. Franklin Roosvelt or
F.D.R also use the science of propaganda to turn people against Germany, Italy and
Japan.
Hitler had first become aware of propaganda and its uses before the First World
War. During the war he saw the effect of British propaganda on the soldiers of the
Centeral Powers. Later on after the war Hitler wrote a book called Mein Kampf ( My
Struggle), he devoted two whole chapters to study and practice of propaganda. He once
said, "The psyche of the masses," he wrote. "is not receptive to anything that is weak.
They are like a woman, whose psychic state determined less by abstract reason than by an
emotional longing for a strong force will complement her nature. Likewise, the masses
love a commander, and despise a petitioner."(Propaganda,12)
After many speeches and papers he wrote on prapaganda he became a political
power and became the leader of the party. By know Hitler was to busy to devote much
time to propaganda. He knew that prapaganda required a full time expert. In Joseph
Goebbels he found his man. Goebbels was to become one of history\'s greastest political
propagandists. Hitler met him in 1926 and loving his power of persuasion, made him the
head of the party of propaganda department. Gobbels had studied the methods by the
Fascists in Italy to create the image of Mussolini and he applied them to Hitler. He knew
to impress the masses, the modern dictator must be a superman and a man of the people,
wise yet simple. Gobbles wrote, "approach him with confidence, because they feel he is
their friend and protector." He discribe Hitler as an artist, an architect and a painter, who
had left all that behind to help the German people in their darkest hour.
Goebbels made great use of the mass demonstrations which became regular
feature of Nazi Germany after Hitler\'s rise to power. Emotional manipulation, he found
was must effective at these great gatherings. The demonstrations generally took place at
night after 8 p.m, when peoples resistance was at its lowest and when there minds where
open to persuasion.
Goebbels\' propaganda ministry had complete control of the press, radio, theater,
cinema, the creative arts, music, wrighting, art exhibitions. When every book people
read, every newspaper, every film they see, every brodcast, then they no longer wher able
to understand what the saw and hear and then they lost ther judgment.(Propaganda,18)
Goebbels openly admitted that propaganda had little to do with the truth. He was careful
not to tell whole lies, he was master of telling the half truth.
In cinema Goebbel had real closeness he use it a lot in propagandist styles. He
was quick to realize that this new art form form could reach a wider audience than books
or theater. The thinking of thousands of adult men and women all cooped up in the dark,
straing at same image on the silver screen was unthinkable. Thanks to the goverment
movie attendence quadrupled in the a ten-year period. Goebbels took a personal intrest
in all the films made during th Third Reich, and often directed many of them. The best
known films of the nazi period are Triumph of the Will, a documentery about 1936
Olympic games in Berlin.
The Olympic games gave Nazi the power to push there propagandist views and
foriegn countries. At Berlin in 1936, during the sixteen days of the games, 2,500 reports
were broadcaste in 28 languages by German and foriegn reporters.(WWII Through
German Eyes, 48) When these people came to Berlin all anti-Semtic regulations, such as
"Jews not admitted," were removed from hotels and resturants.
Goebbels\' propagandist found that youths where very is to persuade. With appeal
to there emotions and exploration of thier readiness to belive and follow, the nazis had
already won them over. What really got them was the Hitler parade of uniforms, that
made there every boring every day life a little more tolerable. After finding out how
good children could be for Hitle started a program called the Hitler Youth. Hitler Youth,
gave