This essay Proxemics has a total of 1172 words and 6 pages.
Spacial relations is a complex subject that can be interpreted in many different ways. A clear explanation of spatial relations is easily understood with the study of proxemics. So what is proxemics? Well the term proxemics came from E.T. Hall, a researcher in 1963. Proxemics is the study of the nature, degree, and effect of the spatial separation individuals naturally maintain (as in various social and interpersonal situations) and of how this separation relates to environmental and cultural factors. Proxemics is made up of featured spaces: fixed space, semi-fixed, and informal.
Space around a person is set up into zones representing comfort and non-comfort. Fixed spaces are areas that are unmovable such as buildings and offices. Many simple things can change a comfortable zone in a fixed area such as color. The use of color can have a major impact on our comfort level. Restaurants, for example, focus on peoples’ comfort level with how they paint their buildings. Fast food such as McDonalds or Taco Bell cause people to rush in, eat fast, and leave without a nice place to sit down because of their bright colors. Bright colors are disturbing to the customers and even the workers. Other restaurants such as Ruby Tuesday’s and Apple Bee’s stick with a nice color scheme that is both darker, mellow, and come off as a nice place to enjoy your food. Restaurants like these have a higher employee turnover than fast food in the food service industry.
Semi-fixed spaces serves as movable areas such as furniture. Office desks can be organized to a persons’ comfort zone. Chairs and desks are just physical barriers but can be broken to protect personal space. As you might notice on a TV show or at a job interview, two chairs are usually always on an angle and no more than 1 ½ feet from the main desk. This set up helps keep a balance of dominance. A person at a desk compared to a person standing in front of him may feel less dominant and unequal. Other areas of an office, such as lamps and filing cabinet are usually placed in the corners because small areas, like corners, make a person feel enclosed and small. Rearranging of furniture in an area helps keep balance over the persons’ personal space and semi-fixed spaces.
Informal spaces is personal territory, and a big part of proxemics. Personal territory is made up of four categories: public, social, personal, and intimate. All of these spaces range differently in amount of space. For instance public spaces ranges from 12-25 feet. Social space ranges from 4-10 feet. Personal space ranges from 2-4 feet and intimate space ranges out to one foot and is used mostly while touching.
Personal space, most commonly used, can vary both culturally and ethnically. In Saudi Arabia, their social space is equal to our intimate space. If we were to back away from a person, we would be known as rude. In the Netherlands, their social space is equal to our personal space. Anglos communicate with each other, usually maintaining a distance of 36 to 48 inches, while Hispanic tend to stand closer to each other at about l 8 inches. Anglos draw away during a conversation because they seem uncomfortable when they are too close to a conversation partner. The most widespread symbol of informal spaces across the world is a hand shake. For example, a handshake in Spain is usually a double grip, but to a German, it would cause confusion. Equally an even more stronger shake by a German would cause a Spaniard to get the idea of being “over-friendly.”
Individuals perceive a distance that they feel is appropriate for different type of messages and personal interaction. A violation of such space can cause serious effects on communication. A result of violation of personal space is social anxiety.
Social anxiety is the third largest psychological problem in the United States today. Social anxiety is the fear of social situations that involve interaction with others. Someone with social anxiety, for example, would feel uncomfortable with someone standing to close or thinking everyone is looking at them, and feeling self conscience. A person feeling this way relates back to personal space, and what is ok and not ok to pursue.
Humans are like
Topics Related to Proxemics
Nonverbal communication, Human communication, Semiotics, Behavior, Interpersonal communication, Environmental psychology, Ethology, Proxemics, Territoriality, Physical intimacy, Body language, Communication
Essays Related to Proxemics
Flight of the PhoenixFlight of the Phoenix Flight of the Phoenix Flight of the Phoenix is a movie that displays the dynamics of a group in terms of power, decision-making, communication, group roles, group atmosphere and norms, and leadership in the group. The movie’s story line follows a diverse group of oil workers, military men, a doctor, a pilot and a navigator among others that sets out on a rickety plane to cross the Arabian Desert. Not long into the flight the plane is caught between two sand storms and is bl
Oral communicationoral communication Once viewed as two separate disciplines, business and communication, have now meshed together to produce a hybrid business environment in which the everyday functions of business are intimately tied to communication (Pincus, 1997). Communication in the business world is imperative for success. This holds true for interpersonal communication, communication between management and staff, and for practically every other contact a business has, both within its own establishment and
Is Anybody Listening I Mean Really ListeningIs Anybody Listening I Mean Really Listening Is Anybody Listening, I Mean Really Listening? I like to listen. I have learned a great deal from listening carefully. Most people never listen. Ernest Hemingway. Often when a misunderstanding occurs, it is attributed to a lack of communication, which most of the time implies that whoever was delivering the message did not do an effective job. But what about the other side, the listener? Listening is important. It is the communication skill most oft
Reasonreason The world of Tolstoy\'s Anna Karenina is a world ruled by chance. From the very opening chapters, where a watchman is accidentally run over by a train at Moscow\'s Petersburg station, to the final, climactic scenes of arbitrary destruction when Levin searches for Kitty in a forest beset by lightning, characters are brought together and forced into action against their will by coincidence and, sometimes, misfortune. That Anna and Vronsky ever meet and begin the fateful affair that becomes
Syriasyria Syria World view: Cultural History: The modern state of Syria was not established until 1946, after the Second World War, but it is a land, which has been inhabited since ancient times. Archaeologists have unearthed evidence of habitation dating back to about 5000B.C. and Damascus is probably the world\'s oldest continuously inhabited city. Greater Syria, a land area incorporating Lebanon, Israel, Jordan and present-day Syria, was the site of much conflict and conquest throughout the days
Pain assesmentpain assesment Running head: PAIN ASSESSMENT IN YOUNG CHILDREN Experiences of Nurses Using The Wisconsin Children’s Hospital Pain Scale for Preverbal Children: A Descriptive Study Bradley University Experiences of Nurses Using the University of Wisconsin Children’s Hospital Pain Scale for Preverbal Children: A Descriptive Study Most patients in the hospital setting experience pain. Pain is a subjective phenomenon that varies from person to person. The most relied upon indicator of pain is a pati
Body LanguageBody Language It\'s not what you say, it\'s how you say. Parents have a lot on their mind, and sometimes, it\'s tough to slow down and focus on how they\'re communicating. The style you use when speaking is as important as the words you choose. If you speak hurriedly, your listener will most likely come away with an impression that you were preoccupied or in a hurry, regardless of what you said. Most people are unconscious of their body language, but it speaks volumes about what they\'re really
Communications1Communications1 Humans have been communicating since four million years. On the other hand, the birth of culture is estimated to have taken place about 35,000 years ago. Today, both culture and communication have evolved considerably and have become interdependent of one another, to the point that communication is considered to be a product of culture. Thus, our own culture has a deep impact on our thoughts and behaviors. Since each culture has its distinct aspects, intercultural communication c
FaceworkNegotiation TheoryFaceworkNegotiation Theory Facework Theory Stella Ting-Toomey looked at intercultural interaction, including conflict and negotiation, along with Hofstede’s notion of individualism versus collectivism and Hall’s ideas of low and high context assumptions to come up with her Facework Theory (Cocroft, T-T Face-Japan/US). Facework refers to the “ways particular communicative moves speak to the identity claims of self and other in specific social situations; and while face concerns are not necessaril
Gender and CommunicationGender and Communication The different ways men and women communicate has been a problem throughout time. This difference in communication style has created conflict in romantic relationships, marriages, and even friendships. To think of a world where men and women communicate on the same level is almost impossible to comprehend. We have been conditioned to believe that the genders will never see on an eye-to-eye basis and have accepted this. But, is it to hard to expect that the genders speak o
Gender differencesgender differences It seems to be a fact that men and women have behavioral styles. Around 50 percent of all marriages in the United States, including second marriages and so on, end in divorce, and most clients report trouble in their marriages. It is believed that the problem boils down to the fact that men are generally more aggressive and less emotionally attached than women, and therefore, it is difficult for men and women to settle differences. The gender differences between men and wome
Genderbehaviorgenderbehavior It seems to be a fact that men and women have behavioral styles. Around 50 percent of all marriages in the United States, including second marriages and so on, end in divorce, and most clients report trouble in their marriages. It is believed that the problem boils down to the fact that men are generally more aggressive and less emotionally attached than women, and therefore, it is difficult for men and women to settle differences. The gender differences between men and women co
Intimate WinkingIntimate Winking Intimate Winking The face is an organ of emotion and we constantly read facial expressions to understand what others are feeling. The face also contains other powerful clues. Our identity is captured in our features and our eyes reveal important truths about us, even those we would prefer to conceal. We use facial expressions as a process of sending and receiving wordless messages such as smiling, frowning, laughing, and winking to name a few. Body language symbols may be learne
Relationship AnalysisRelationship Analysis “Intimacy, a unique bond created by two people through some combination of highly interdependent actions, individualized rules, and personal disclosures, and viewed by both parties as relatively affectionate, intrinsically rewarding, and irreplaceable” (Trenholm Jensen 293). This definition would definitely describe the relationship I have with my current boyfriend, Lance Robert LeMarie. I would describe our relationship as a private, close, and personal relationship. We sh
Relationship Analysis1Relationship Analysis1 “Intimacy, a unique bond created by two people through some combination of highly interdependent actions, individualized rules, and personal disclosures, and viewed by both parties as relatively affectionate, intrinsically rewarding, and irreplaceable” (Trenholm Jensen 293). This definition would definitely describe the relationship I have with my current boyfriend, Lance Robert LeMarie. I would describe our relationship as a private, close, and personal relationship. We s
Space BubbleSpace Bubble Violation of Space On today’s episode of “Know Your Principles of Sociology,” the question is how important are the mundane rules of life? Our contestants in Dr. Marin’s class helped us out with finding the answer. To answer this they simply violated an unwritten social norm that people live by in our culture. They decided to violate the space theory. Weather it be to randomly hug people or sit extremely close to them, these brave young souls went to the farthest ends to observe and
Teenage CommunicationTeenage Communication At a family home, in the living room, immediately following dinner, is where I begin my observations. I have chosen to observe teenagers communicating. I chose this as my topic of observation because I believe that it will be very interesting to see teenagers converse and use slang and body language, or nonverbalcommunication. I believe teenagers speak their minds most of the time so it will be fun seeing what they are thinking and how they communicate. My observational pe
VictimologyVictimology I entered this class I had a fairly good idea of what to expecWhent. The title speaks for itself. Victimology is the study of those who have been victimized. As a criminal justice major this is a class that I must take and also a class that I was eager to take. I heard other students speak highly about it. In Law Enforcement an officer’s main goal should be to do everything in their power to keep the public safe. As the slogan goes “ To Protect and Serve.” An officer should put the v
Victimology1Victimology1 I entered this class I had a fairly good idea of what to expecWhent. The title speaks for itself. Victimology is the study of those who have been victimized. As a criminal justice major this is a class that I must take and also a class that I was eager to take. I heard other students speak highly about it. In Law Enforcement an officer’s main goal should be to do everything in their power to keep the public safe. As the slogan goes “ To Protect and Serve.” An officer should put the
Aspergers DisorderAspergers Disorder Asperger’s Disorder Asperger’s Disorder is a milder form of Autistic Disorder. They both fit in the same category know as either Autistic Spectrum Disorders or Pervasive Developmental Disorders. In Asperger’s Disorder, affected people are characterized by social isolation and eccentric behavior in childhood. There are impairments in two-sided social interaction and non-verbal communication. Clumsiness is prominent both in their articulation and gross motor behavior. They usual
BusniessBusniess Improving personal communications is very important to today in the fast moving world. The communication process is very important, it is estmated that 80 percent of messages get deport” For better results replace “You statements” with “I statements.” Say I’m concerned...That will bring the person off of the defensive approch. Also discuss things as they happen with out waitng. When you wait things can be losted or forgotten. If you work them out early it will be much easier for you and
Language acquistionLanguage acquistion Language acquisition is the process of learning a native or a second language. Although how children learn to speak is not perfectly understood, most explanations involve both the observation that children copy what they hear and the inference that human beings have a natural aptitude for understanding grammar. Children usually learn the sounds and vocabulary of their native language through imitation, and grammar is seldom taught to them; that they rapidly acquire the abilit
Mozart Effect and Music TherapyMozart Effect and Music Therapy History of Music Therapy Although it is only in recent times that scientists have started to document the effects of music, the qualities of music were understood even in earliest times. Evidence suggests that dance and song preceded speech, which means that music is the original language of humans. Researcher\'s have found that about two-thirds of the inner ear\'s cilia resonate only at the higher frequencies that are commonly found in music (3,000 - 20,000 Hz).
Coming soonher worldcoming soonher world When discussing human communications, we view many ways to positively express oneself through verbal messages such as entertainment, education, and flirting. On the other hand, it seems there is a much larger amount of negative verbal communication presented to us in our everyday lives. For instance, sexism, racism and disconfirmation, just to name a few. Sexism is a term more widely looked at in today’s world due to the fact that we have more women in high paying roles and
Non Verbal CommunicationNon Verbal Communication How Does Nonverbal Behaviors Effect A Person ? People communicate everyday of their lives, but we rarely notice the nonverbal part of communication and how important it is to the meaning of the message. Facial expressions, posture, body movements, tone of voice and touching are all part of nonverbalcommunication. Often when people communicate they contradict the verbal and nonverbal messages, therefore the receiver of the message receives a message with a double meaning
Advancements in TelecommunicationsAdvancements in Telecommunications Today, telecommunications technology affects lives to a greater degree than ever before. Communication has evolved over many years from the earliest attempts at verbal communication to the use of sophisticated technology to enhance the ability to communicate effectively with others. Every time a telephone call is made, a television is watched, or a personal computer is used, benefits of telecommunication technologies are being received. The concept of telecommu
BUILDING EFFECTIVE TEAMS BUILDING EFFECTIVE TEAMS BUILDING EFFECTIVE TEAMS In this age of rapidly changing technology, market-driven decision making, customer sophistication, and employee restlessness, leaders and managers are faced with new challenges. Organizations must build new structures and master new skills in order to compete and survive. As work settings become more complex and involve increased numbers of interpersonal interactions, individual effort has less impact. In order to increase efficiency and effect
Communication ManagementCommunication Management Choosing a topic for this paper was very difficult. Many topics seemed very interesting, but after reviewing many topics the choice was clear. I also took into consideration the fact that we would be presenting these topics to the class. So, I choose the communication process. It is very important in management. Having been a manager for three years, I felt I would be able to explain this topic well to the class. Communication is the process of transmitting information
Effective listening effective listening Effective Listening Abstract The ability to listen well is an important tool for understanding others. Sadly, very few people know how to listen well. In fact, most people can think of only one or two good listeners in their lives. Listening is not simply agreeing - it is much more. Good listeners are able to better understand and respond to others, complete assignments accurately, settle disagreements before they escalate, and establish rapport with difficult people. Listen
IBM Selling Plan IBM Selling Plan Working Together to Achieve Excellence Table of Contents Executive Summary Page 3 Customer Background Page 4 Proposed Solution Page 10 Presentation Proposal Page 12 Appendix Page 21 Works Cited Page 25 Executive Summary We have selected IBM as a prospective buyer for Nidecs spindle motors. For the past several months, Nidec has been the sole supplier of cooling fans for the production of IBMs servers. Using this strong relationship as a base, we will present three main reason
Nonverbal communication in a chatroomnonverbalcommunication in a chatroom Chat rooms are a great place to observe communication in action. All across the globe people of all ages are trading information back and forth. Some people go to chat rooms to talk to their friends; some go to do communication homework; some go to meet new friends, and some people even go to make fun of people. There are all kinds of reasons to go to a chat room, but very few are aware of all the invisible and visible aspects that are occurring in a normal
African American Interpersonal communication African American Interpersonal communication African American Interpersonal Communication through Body Art Tattoos make an individual’s self definition more complete by visually communicating gang membership, status, rank and personal accomplishment (Phelan 277). Tattooing and body piercing has been practiced in almost every culture around the world, and for thousands of years. (Greif, Hewitt 367) The African American culture use body art as a method of nonverbal interpersonal communication. Th
Anna karenina anna karenina The world of Tolstoy\'s Anna Karenina is a world ruled by chance. From the very opening chapters, where a watchman is accidentally run over by a train at Moscow\'s Petersburg station, to the final, climactic scenes of arbitrary destruction when Levin searches for Kitty in a forest beset by lightning, characters are brought together and forced into action against their will by coincidence and, sometimes, misfortune. That Anna and Vronsky ever meet and begin the fateful affair that
Communications Final Communications Final Part I - Personal Communication Ethic I feel that that the best way to persuade people is with your ears — by listening to them. Feeling this way, I based my personal communication ethic on listening. If all you do is talk, then you probably don\'t have too many friends. I know that when I am interrupted in mid-sentence I feel like punching the other person. I feel as if the other person doesn\'t give a care in the world about what I think, and not only does that take away
Communication Behavior in Boomerang and Quayamat SCommunication Behavior in Boomerang and Quayamat Se Quayamat Tak In this paper I will attempt to discover how cultural differences affect communication in two movies of differing cultures. I will keep the names of the characters formal for both movies and for the Indian movie I will translate their lines to English directly. The first movie is of the Indian culture entitled Quayamat Se Quayamat Tak, which roughly translates to “From Armageddon Till Armageddon.” This has a classic Romeo and Juli
Shawshank shawshank The movie, Shawshank Redemption, is about a story of two men, Andy Dufrane and Red Abbott, who spent most of their lives in a prison together going through the ups and downs of prison life. Andy, who was once a vice-president at a bank, was in prison for murdering his wife and her lover, when he caught them in bed together; he was giving life in prison. Whereas Red, also a convicted murderer, got life but with a chance of parole. The two grew close to each other because they were both
Alcohol Dependency Alcohol Dependency Alcohol Dependency Dependence is defined as a cluster of three or more existing criteria according to the DSM-IV for alcohol dependency over a period of 12 months. According to Riley, substance abuse is commonly referred to as an addiction. These terms are often used interchangeably. Dependency occurs over time and is usually taken in excessive quantities causing harm to the individual (Riley, 1998). There is no known cause for alcohol dependency. However, there are contribut
Man Vs woman Man Vs woman Women vs. Man Physical, psychological, and sexually women and men are different. Physically the most recognized difference between the two sexies is that men have a penis and women have a vagina. Most men also have smaller breast. Men also have different body structures than women. Women have big hips in order to give birth and men have one less rib then women, but women cant complain about this because they gave that rib to us. Men and women also have different facial features. A
Autism Autism In the United States, autism may affect up to 115,000 children between one and 15 years of age with an uncertain prevalence in adults (Rapin, 1998). Because of the high number of cases in the United States alone, testing has grown and encompasses many different ages and areas of autistic patients and their symptoms. Because of increased testing, researchers have found different options to meet the challenges autism presents. Testing has been administered before the knowledge of autism in
Music Therapy Music Therapy Music Therapy During the past thirty years, concepts in the mental health profession have undergone continuous and dramatic changes. A relatively new type of therapy is musical therapy, which incorporates music into the healing process. Music therapy also is changing, and its concepts, procedures, and practices need constant reevaluation in order to meet new concepts of psychiatric treatment. The idea of music as a healing influence which could affect health and behavior is as lea
Palliative Care Palliative Care The role of the expert palliative care nurse is complex and unique. The nurse functions as an integral part of a Multidisciplinary team, providing expert skilled assessment and nursing care, supporting the patient and the family to make informed choices thereby encouraging the patient to continue to make autonomous decisions about their care towards the end of their life. However, often the nurse will find herself dealing with difficult family dynamics with family members having
Amnesty International Amnesty International Amnesty 1 Amnesty International Against the Death Penalty The death penalty is enforced in more than 100 countries around the globe. Statistically, there have been 1,708 known executions in 35 of these 100 countries. I=m sure that the true figures are certainly higher. The most common methods of this controversial act include shooting, electrocution, lethal injection, hanging, stoning, and decapitation. Around the world, there are presently almost 3,000 people on death row
Art of leadership Art of leadership The Art of Leadership Abstract What is leadership? Leadership is having the ability to give guidance to those that will follow. Those that follow will help to complete the mission. Leadership is an immature science and the body of knowledge in the field has developed through a series of fits and starts. Leadership is a soft science, just as anthropology, sociology and psychology. It cannot be proven exactly what it is. Leadership is an art; the skillful application of leadersh
Autism5 autism5 Autism is not a disease, but a developmental disorder of brain function. People with classical autism show three types of symptoms: impaired social interaction, problems with verbal and nonverbalcommunication and imagination, and unusual or severely limited activities and interests. Symptoms of autism usually appear during the first three years of childhood and continue throughout life. Although there is no cure, appropriate management may foster relatively normal development and reduc
COMMUNICATION AS IT PERTAINS TO THE CAREER OF LAWCOMMUNICATION AS IT PERTAINS TO THE CAREER OF LAW Communication as it pertains to law Law as a career commands respect and demands reasonability. The profession requires more years of education and intellectual honing than most individuals are willing to partake in. The experience of maturing into an attorney brings with it authority and understanding. Some of the crucial skills demanded by this field are strong writing and speaking, reading, researching, analyzing and thinking logically (Abrah
How to Motivate your staff How to Motivate your staff Introduction My problem definition states; How to maintain a motivating work environment? The aim of my research is to analyze the methods used in maintaining a motivating work environment. The reason why I choose motivation as my research topic is because I find it very challenging for managers to retain their employees and to keep a low employee turnover. To retain your employees is not easy and knowing that employees are all different persons with different ideas
INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION Intercultural communication is commonly explained as an interaction between people of “different cultures whether defined in terms of racial, ethnic or socioeconomic differences.” Human communication consists of verbal and nonverbal messages (language and gestures) which are shaped by gender, social class or culture. Thus, what perimeters define the intercultural exchange and what primary messages do we need or try to convey? Our communication process or the way we a
MIDEC MIDEC Working Together to Achieve Excellence Table of Contents Executive Summary Page 3 Customer Background Page 4 Proposed Solution Page 10 Presentation Proposal Page 12 Appendix Page 21 Works Cited Page 25 Executive Summary We have selected IBM as a prospective buyer for Nidecs spindle motors. For the past several months, Nidec has been the sole supplier of cooling fans for the production of IBMs servers. Using this strong relationship as a base, we will present three main reasons for IBM t
SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES AN ANALYSIS OF THE THREE SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES Through Analysis, A Compare and Contrast Of the Three Sociological Perspectives: Functionalist, Conflict, and Interactionist Bonnie Wait Introduction to Sociology Dr. Malone February 17, 2000 Abstract This paper discusses three approaches that can be taken when studying Sociology. There are many subjects to be studied and discussed in the field of Sociology, and the approach chosen to study a particular subject is call
Speach speach Chapter 1 Communication- the process of understanding and sharing meaning. Process- an activity, exchange, or set of behaviors that occur over time. Understanding- perceiving, interpreting, and comprehending the meaning of the verbal and nonverbal behavior of others. Sharing- an interaction between people in order to exchange meaning. Meaning- the shared understanding of the message constructed in the minds of the communicators. Source- a message initiator Receiver- a message target Mess