Sacco and Vanzetti

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Sacco and Vanzetti

In May of 1920, Italian anarchists- Sacco and Vanzetti, were charged and tried for the murders of a paymaster and guard at a South Braintree shoe factory. After being found guilty and put to death, questions quickly erupted from the public. It is the belief of many, including myself, is that one or neither of these men were guilty. The trial was unjust and the judge was bias and lead the jury toward a conviction! These men were prosecuted without a proper chance to prove their innocence and were treated badly from the start because of their anarchistic backgrounds.

Let us begin at their beginning. It was in Torremaggiore, Italy 22 April 1891 that Fernando "Nando" Sacco was born to Michele and Angela Mosmacotti-Sacco as their third son of seventeen children. Sacco was a healthy child who loved the out door life, he spent many days working with his brothers and sisters on his family farm. Sacco never finished school, in fact, he quit school after only reaching third grade to help on his family’s farm.(Avrich, 10) Sacco’s closest friend was a man named Sabino. No one was ever as close to Sacco as Sabino- they worked together, drank together and shared hopes and dreams. It was after Sabino returned from the army that Sacco began developing strong political views. Sabino had learned much in the army from other soldiers, who were angered by the governments decisions in treaties of land and sent many the soldiers off to die. (Avrich, 16) Both Sacco and Sabino were becoming socialists and joined others in
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their crusades. They would often go to "socialist clubs" in town. Now, burning in both their hearts was need to immigrate to America.

He loved the idea of a free country where he could speak his mind and not be silenced. Sacoo said it best at his trial, "I was crazy about this country," which was perhaps another high point because it was thousands of miles from his father, who was loyal to the government as a Mazzinian Republican- clearly created friction between the two, however out of respect, Sacco would not discuss politics very often with his father and was not a loud voice in public, perhaps saving that for America. (Avrich, 23)

Meanwhile, on the other end of the country, a man named Bartolmeo Vanzetti also planned his move to the U.S. Life started for Vanzetti on the 11 June 1888, he was the eldest of four children born the Giovan Battista and Giovanna Niello Vanzetti. Similar to Sacco, Vanzetti was a farm boy, he raised pigs and his family also had a farm. However, contrary to Sacco, Vanzetti had always been known as very intelligent. (Avrich, 30) By all that knew Vanzetti, he was thought to have become a professor or priest, but his father did not want Vanzetti to go off to higher learning , he believed it best for Vanzetti to become a laborer as he had. Vanzetti held many odd jobs including work as a cook at his father’s restaurant, not knowing what he was to make of his life. He later worked at a bakery for over a year and a half beginning in 1901, never feeling he was living up to his potential. (Joughin, 109) Form 1904 to 1907 Vanzetti had done everything from
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bartending to making Carmel. He resented his father for depriving his of knowledge and forcing him into hard labor. When his father became ill in 1907, Vanzetti returned home, later writing…

And So I returned after six years spent in the
fetid atmosphere of bakeries and restaurants kitchens,
with rarely a breath of God’s air or a glimpse of His glorious world.
Six years that might have been beautiful to a boy
avid of learning and thirsty for a refreshing draught
of the simple country life of his native village.
Years of the great miracle which transforms the child into the man. (Avrich,188)

It is clear that Vanzetti wanted more for himself. This led to his immigration in June of 1908, just two months after Sacco arrived with his dear friend Sabino. Sacco found himself in Milford when he got to the U.S. and life was good for Sacco. (Avrich, 35) He grew up