safty and health

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Description : 14 ELEMENTS OF A SUCCESSFUL SAFETY & HEALTH PROGRAM Element 1: Hazard Recognition, Evaluation and Control. Establishing and maintaining safe and healthful conditions required indenifing h

Body of Essay :

14 ELEMENTS OF A SUCCESSFUL SAFETY & HEALTH PROGRAM Element 1: Hazard Recognition, Evaluation and Control.

Establishing and maintaining safe and healthful conditions required indenifing hazards, evaluating their pontential effects, developing ways to eliminate or control them and
planning action priorities.This process is the essence of successful safety and health management.

Element 2:Workplace Design and Engineering Safety and health issues are most easily and economically addressed when facilities,
processes and equipment are being designed. Organizations must incorporate safety
into workplace design, production processes and selection.They also need to evaluate and modify or replace exisiting processes, equipment and facilities to make them safer.

We explore how the design and function of the workplace can complement safety and health goals, minimize exposure to hazards and promote safe practices.

Element 3: Safety Performance Management As in all areas of operations, standards must be set for safety performance. They should reflect applicable regulatory requirements, additional voluntary guidelines and best business practices. We describe how managers, supervisors and employees
can be made responsible and held accountable for meeting standards within their
control. We look at how job performance appraisals can reflect performance in safety
and health, as well as in other areas.

Element 4: Regulatory Compliance Management The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), the Mine Safety and
Health Administration (MSHA) and state safety and health agencies establish
and enforce safety and health regulations.Other agencies, such as the Environmental
Protection Agency, also issue and enforce regulations relating to safety and health in the United States. We discuss key aspects of international regulations in the European
Union, Canada and Mexico. Staying informed about and complying with regulations
are essential goals of safety and health programs.We also look briefly at conducting regulatory compliance inspections.

Element 5: Occupational Health Occupational health programs range from the simple to the complex. At a minimun, such programs address the immediate needs of injured or ill employees by providing first aid and responce to emergencies. More elaborate medical services may incude medical surveillance programs and provision for an in-house medical capability.

In addition, some companies are beginning to focus on off-the-job safety and health through employee wellness and similar programs.

ELEMENT 6: Information Collection
Safety and health activities, including inspections, record keeping, industrial hygine surveys and other occupational health assessments, injury/illness/incident investigations
and performance reviews, produce a large quantity of data. Safety and health professionals must collect and analyze this data. Small incidents often provide early warning of more serious safety or health problems. Complete and accurate records can be used to identify hazards, measure safety performance and improvement, and through analyses, help identify patterns.

ELEMENT 7: Employee Involvement Design and engineering controls are limited in their ability to reduce hazards. Companies now understand that their real assets are people, not machinery, and they also realize that employees must recognize their stake in a safe and healthful workplace. As employees become more involved in planning, implementation and
improvement, they see the need for safer work practices. Solutions to safety and health problems often come from affected employees. We look at how employees
can contribute to safety and health objectives through safety committees and teams.

ELEMENT 8: Motivation, Behavior, and Attitudes
Movtivation aims at changing behavior and attitudes to create a safer, healthier workplace. This elements describe two general approches organizations use to motivate employees and stresses the role that visible management leadership
plays in changing unsafe or unhealthy behaviors and attitudes. It also describes three motivational techniques: communications, incentives/awards/recognition and employee surveys.

ELEMENT 9:Training and Orientation
New and transferred employees must become familiar with company policies and
procedures and learn how to perform thier jobs safely and efficiently. The use of on-the-job, classroom and specialty training can contribute to a successful safety
and health program. A complete program includes hazard recognition, regulatory compliance and prevention. The training is reinforced through regular follow-up with both new and veteran employees.

ELEMENT 10: Organizational Communications
Effective communication within the organization keeps employees informed about
policies, procedures, goals and progress. We see how to spread the word about
safety and health programs inside the company through the use of bulletin board
notices,newsletters, meeting and other devices. Effective two-way communications
between employees and