This essay Staphylococcus has a total of 627 words and 3 pages.
Staphylococcus can be a severely harmful bacterium. It eventually leads to complete removal of sections of flesh. It can be as small as blister and be as sever as gigantic loss of skin. Staphylococcus is a bacterium that causes a more commonly known disease called a staph infection. Staph infections can invade and attack any part of your body, from your skin, eyes and nails to the inner lining of your heart. Symptoms differ, depending on where the infection develops and they usually enter the body through an open cut or wound. Through that it can spread through tissue close to the infection. If this is gone untreated it can become life treating. People with a chronic illness, such as diabetes, cancer, or chronic liver or kidney disease, or who inject illegal drugs are vulnerable to severe staph infections.
Staph infections are known by many different names, most also used to describe staph infections. Folliculitis is an external infection of the hair follicles that produces white-headed pustules. Shaving the skin or friction from clothing rubbing against the skin can injure the follicles and cause the infection to erupt. The area where the pustules appear may itch for a day or two.
Sometimes a staph infection spreads to the deepest part of the hair, resulting in a large, extremely painful, pus-filled swelling known as a boil. Although boils can form anywhere on the body, they are found most frequently on the face, neck, buttocks and armpits. If one appears on the eyelid, it is known as a sty. When several separate boils occur simultaneously on the body, the condition is called furunculosis. A carbuncle is a cluster of connected boils deep under the skin. Carbuncles are usually found on the upper back or nape of the neck and are more common in men than in women.
Less common, but potentially more serious, is cellulitis, which occurs in the deeper layers of the skin. Cellulitis is usually caused by the streptococci bacteria and is only occasionally caused by staph. It usually begins with a tender swelling and redness around a cut or sore, then gradually spreads into nearby tissue. Red lines may radiate from the infected area to nearby lymph nodes, which may also become infected and swell to two or three times their normal size, which is a serious condition called lymphadenitis.
Infants and young children sometimes develop scalded skin syndrome, a staph infection characterized by a blistering, peeling rash. Another staph infection that afflicts mostly children is conjunctivitis; this causes the eyes to redden and to weep a yellow, watery pus that forms a crust overnight during sleep. Blepharitis, a staph infection that involves the edges of the eyelids, can also result in red, crusty eyes. When a staph infection forms around the edges of fingernails, causing swelling and pus-filled blisters, the condition is known as paronychia.
Hand washing is the best way to prevent staph infections from passing from person to person. You can also help prevent staph skin infections by keeping your skin clean by bathing or showering daily. Keep areas of the skin that have been injured or affected by eczema, and rashes clean and covered, and use antibiotic ointments or other treatments that your doctor suggests. If you or someone in your family has a staph infection, don\'t share towels, sheets, or clothing with them until the infection has been fully treated. You can treat most localized staph skin infections at home by washing the skin with an antibacterial cleanser, applying an antibiotic ointment, and covering the skin with a clean dressing. To prevent the spread of infection, use a towel only once when you clean an area of infected skin, then wash it in hot water.