Tang Dynasty



Frank Papaleo Mr. McBride
T’ang Dynasty Essay

T’ang Dynasty Of China

Until this century dynastic families have provided most of the rulers over the human race. Kinship formed an in-group network to support the power holder (or rival) as well as a principle by which to settle (or dispute) the explosive question of the succession of to power. Out of all the dynasties, of the world, none ruled as large a state as China or maintained such a monopoly of central government. As institutions of government, the major Chinese Dynasties are in a class by themselves. Neither Japan, India or Persia produced regimes comparable in scope and power. One such Chinese dynasty was called The T’ang Dynasty. This dynasty ran from 618-907. The Li clan of the T’ang provided 23 emperors and imperial china became one of the wealthiest and most powerful regions of the world.
It began when the middle kingdom was united under a Chinese emperor, but that emperor, but that emperor was greedy, selfish and cruel, killing his faithful, sturdy people with his overwork for his own pleasure. There were rebellions in the northern provinces and robber bands roamed freely about the country. A young man of 20 years old had another picture in mind, a peaceful, busy, land, its simple people singing at the work. The young man went to seek his father who was in command of the army in that province. He talked his father into rebelling against the emperor, and drive Yang Ti off the throne. These two men belonged to the family of Li. The father was the prince of Tang and the son’s name was not a man to stand against such a family as this and fled. Li Shi-mins father was made the new emperor, giving his own title of Tang, a name whose glory rang all over asia and even into Europe. He came to the throne in 618 and it took 6 years to put the whole country in order. He worked with his brillent son Li Shi-min who was a general and brave soldier. Soon the empire was quiet and the rule of the Tang’s was accepted from the Eastern Ocean to the Jade Gate. It was Li Shi-min who founded the dynasty, it was he who had united and pacified the empire, he alone was able to rule and guide it. When his father retired, he left the throne to his son, who he was so proud of. Li Shi-min became the new emperor, who was 30 years old and took the title of Tai Tsung.
There were four main characters that explain the success of the Tang Dynasty establishing a unified political system. They were foreign relations, a unified national culture, a centralized government; and fiscal policy.
The emperor and his court paid close attention to foreign relations. The Tang empire established its dominance over the Turkish tribes in the north and west and established military protectorates to exert control over much of central Asia. They later gained control of the Tibetan people in Turfan. Tang also welcomed trade with India, Persia, and Byzantium. Trade was possible because Tang maintained peace among the various peoples along the Silk Road. Forign merchants and goods were welcome in Chang’an, and foreign religions built their churches there. (Zoroastrianism, Manicaeism, and Nestorian Christianity)
Tang continued policy that tried to create a unified culture that included culture that included cultural and social traditions of southern China and those of the north, which had been ruled for long periods by foreign invaders. Scholars of the court compiled the Confucian learning since the emperor Tai Tsung believed “Confusius is to the Chinese what water is to fishes”. The government expanded school systems in both the capital and the provinces and greatly increased the national library. A common standard of education helped maintain a bureaucracy that operated according to universal rules and shared values. The Tang government encouraged religion supporting Daoist and Buddist institutions. Its religious policy, which tolerated all faiths, encouraged influential religious communities to support the new government. This helped integrate members of separate religions into the new society. Achieving political and cultural unity was the success for the Tang Dynasty. The last great Chinese empire to do that was the Hans dynasty (206-220)
The Tang court strived for a