The Battle of Bunker Hill



The Battle of Bunker Hill

Boom, Bang, Crack! The sounds of muskets being fired, its ammunition
ricocheting off rocks and splintering trees are heard all around. The pungent smell of gun
powder stings the nose, and its taste makes the mouth dry and sticky. The battle is still
young, but blood soaked uniforms and dead or dying men can already be seen, causing the
fear of death to enter many of the soldiers\' minds. It is remembered that freedom is what
the fight is for, so we must continue to gain independence. The battle has been going on
for a short time now, although vision is already obscured from all the smoke and dust in
the air. It is becoming increasingly difficult to breathe, with all of these air borne
substances entering my lungs. People are still being struck by musket balls for the cries of
agony rise above the many guns\' explosions. This is how the battle to be known as
Bunker Hill began.
On June 17, 1775 the Battle of Bunker Hill took place. It is one of the most
important colonial victories in the U.S. War for Independence. Fought during the Siege of
Boston, it lent considerable encouragement to the revolutionary cause. This battle made
both sides realize that this was not going to be a matter decided on by one quick and
decisive battle.
The battle of Bunker Hill was not just an event that happened overnight. The
battle was the result of struggle and hostility between Great Britain and the colonies for
many years. Many of the oppressive feelings came as a result of British laws and
restrictions placed on them. It would not be true to say that the battle was the beginning
of the fight for independence. It is necessary to see that this was not a rash decision that
occurred because of one dispute, but rather that the feelings for the British had been
getting worse for a long time and were finally released.
Perhaps two of the most notable injustices, as perceived by the colonists, were the
Stamp Act and the Intolerable Acts. The Stamp Act was passed by the British Parliament
to raise money for repaying its war debt from the French and Indian War. The Act levied
a tax on printed matter of all kinds including newspapers, advertisements, playing cards,
and legal documents. The British government was expecting protest as result of the tax
but the level of outcry they received. The colonists were so angry because they had no
voice in Parliament which passed the law, thus came the famous cry, "No taxation without
representation!" The colonists would protest these laws with the Boston Tea Party. The
British responded to this open act of rebellion by imposing the Intolerable Acts, four laws
designed to punish Boston and the rest of Massachusetts while strengthening British
control over all the colonies.
These were not the only incidents that caused unrest to exist between the two
countries. There had been friction between British soldiers and colonists for some time
because of the Quartering Act, a law which required townspeople to house soldiers. This
unrest and tension resulted in the Boston Massacre, an event that resulted in colonists
death and both sides being more untrusting of each other. These feelings of discontent
and the growing fear of an uprising would lead the British to proceed to Lexington and
Concord and destroy colonial military supplies. This left the colonists with the feeling of
hatred and total malice towards the British. Because of these incidents neither side trusted
the other, and had concerns that the opposition would launch an attack upon them.
When the British planned to occupy Dorchester Heights on the Boston Peninsula,
the colonists became alarmed at the build up of British troops off of the coast. The
colonists decided that action had to be taken so as to stop the threatening British
movement in this territory to protect themselves from an attack. It was because of this
last situation as well as the bad blood that had accumulated over the years, which would
lead the colonies into a confrontation with the British.
The Battle of Bunker Hill started when the colonists learned about the British plan
to occupy Dorchester Heights. The colonists were understandably shaken by this news.
They thought of this as the last straw, and they had to protect their land and freedom. A
crude "army" was made to defend the hill. The army was not a national one, for no nation
existed. Instead, the army was made up of men from Cambridge, New