The effects alcohol has on the brain

The Affects Alcohol has on the Brain

As many of us may know, alcohol is a very dangerous substance that is highly abused by many people. Many people, such as parents and other grown-ups, affiliate alcohol with young teenagers. The fact of the matter is that more than seventy percent of high school age students don’t drink. It is only a rare percentage of students that do in fact drink, and those are the people who make a bad reputation for teenagers. It always seems that the ignorant and uniformed people who believe they know everything always speak the wrong news instead of finding the factual information. Now, after explaining the misperception of people’s words and gossip, here are the facts about alcohol and its many serious side affects and also consequences.
Alcohol is a mind altering depressant not a stimulant. When I speak of depressants, I mean that they are “downers” so to say in slang. “Downers” or depressants are the depressive drugs in the alcohol, that tend to make you mellow and at ease. Stimulants however are the complete opposite; they are drugs that keep you awake. They trick the brain into thinking that you are wide-awake, similar to the affects of caffeine. Alcohol is passed through many organs in the human body. After entering through the mouth, alcohol then travels to the stomach, where if there is no food, alcohol absorbed will then immediately enter the bloodstream. After entering the blood stream it then travels to the liver for detoxification, or to break down. If there is no food to help break it down, the alcohol takes a direct flight to the brain. A healthy, sober persons blood can travel through the entire body in 90 seconds, and when alcohol is added it can take as long as 110 seconds. When there is no food in your stomach, and alcohol starts to constantly flow through the stomach you can get drunk much faster opposed to if you had food, mainly because the food digested in your intestines and your stomach absorb the alcohol to make it less affective to the brain. The liver, which also helps break down the alcohol possibly, takes the biggest affect from alcohol. The alcohol passed through the liver causes the lining of the liver, which protects it, to erode, or wear down. Although alcohol has a major affect of all of these organs I mentioned already, the most important organ affected would have to be the brain.
The brain, which is the control center of the human body, is highly affected by alcohol consumption. Every 2 glasses of beer consumed kills about 1000 brain cells. This rapid loss of brain cells causes very slow brain activity. After those 2 glasses of beer, the person may feel relaxed and mellow, but after 4 or 5 you become extremely tense and anxious. If you get very drunk however, you can loose visual perception of objects and your euphoria, which is a chemical released by the brain when pleasure is felt, can become over used, which can cause depression. You can also experience black outs, which is when the cerebellum is affected by the alcohol and is shut down. The worst possible affect of alcohol towards the brain would be death. Death occurs when a person consumes so much alcohol that it has made it way through the medulla. The
Medulla is the inner core of the brain, and when the medulla is heavily affected, it can cause an extremely slow heart rate and also cease breathing. When your heart rate and breathing stops, your body shuts down and you die.
I hope that you now understand the serious affects of alcohol and the human body, especially the brain. Here are some helpful hints God for bid you witness an irresponsible drinking episode.

· If an intoxicated person is semiconscious, you should not encourage vomiting. Vomiting can cause choking.

· Never let friends drive drunk. Insist on driving, and if you have to take the keys away.

· Never be afraid to call someone, even your parents. Although your parents may be mad, I would much prefer being punished than dead

· Lastly, drink responsibly and know when to say “enough is enough”