The effects of painkillers on the heartrate of a daphnia



Late one afternoon, a lady was driving home in the rush hour traffic. The last thing she needed was a pounding headache. While she was stopped, she dug in her purse for some aspirin to relieve her headache. She chugged it down with the Pepsi sitting by the seat. Her only worry was to relieve her headache. The affect of the painkiller on the other parts of her body was not a concern to her at that point in time.
Should people wonder if their painkillers are affecting their body? Should people know how painkillers are affecting their heart, heart rate, or even worse, causing heart disease? It may just be the ingredients of a pill. Often the side effects of medication are discovered too late. “Phentermine and fenfluramine are not only a diet pill ingredient but also causes heart valve problems.” (Gorman 113) This is just one example of the things that may cause heart problems. They could also include an ingredient in a painkiller or other medications that a person could be taking.
There are many different types of painkillers, the most common include Aspirin, Tylenol, and Ibuprofen. Aspirin, is used to relieve minor headaches, reduce fevers, colds, muscular aches, menstrual discomfort, toothaches and arthritis pain. Tylenol, is primarily for the relieve of minor aches and pains associated with headache, muscular aches, backache, minor arthritis pain, common cold, toothache, and menstrual cramps and for the reduction of fever. Ibuprofen, also relieves minor aches and pains due to colds, headaches, toothaches, and reduction of fevers.
But yet, why may they affect the heart? The heart is found behind the breastbone. The heart is a hollow muscular organ that balances the circulation of blood. Blood then passes through four chambers that are separated by valves. “Valves control the blood movement inside the heart.” (Funk and Wagnals 273) What kinds of heart diseases are caused from painkillers or at least what kinds of heart diseases are there?
One of the types of heart diseases is a heart attack. A heart attack occurs when a section of muscle is damaged. Scar tissue then replaces the damaged muscle tissue. This then affects its future performance. A heart attack is caused by total blockage by a blood clot (thrombus) or arteriosclerosis, artery linings clog, or blocked by fatty deposits and the lack of blood flow to the heart. “Increasing the chances of having a heart attack include hypertension, which rises the resistance in blood vessels pumping the heart harder for the flow of blood. Extra cholesterol in blood raises the development of arteriosclerosis; taking birth control pills can also increase the chances of having a heart attack. A heart attack may occur at anytime.” (Funk and Wagnals’ 273-276) Heart attacks are still the number one causes of death. Heart attacks that are not fatal may lead to shocks, cardiac arrhythmia, irregular heartbeat or heart failure. This is only one type of heart disease, so what are the others?
Another type of heart disease is a heart murmur, which is just simply an abnormal sound in the heartbeat. A heart murmurs is a way for the doctor to detect if that patient can lead up to a heart disease or conditions. “Vibrations or turbulence in bloodstream are known as organic or structural heart murmurs. Unless it is not organic or structural, it can not affect the length of life.” (Funk and Wagnals 278) A heart murmur may exist at birth but it is not hereditary. A doctor listening directly to the heart or with a slethoscope can only detect a heart murmur. This is two types of diseases, there are more. What other kinds are there?
High blood pressure is another type of disease. High blood pressure also known as hypertension can also be considered as a heart disease. “Hypertension is often ignored, cholesterol levels for some reason are most worried about. High blood pressure is just as bad or even worse than high cholesterol. High blood pressure can increase the risks of heart diseases, strokes, and failure of the kidneys.” (Gorman 73) Hypertension patients are to take one or more prescription drugs, and avoid over the counter remedies, “these could cause the blood pressure to increase.” (Gorman 73) High blood pressure is caused