The KKK



After the end of the civil war a new era of American History was born, “The Reconstruction” period. During this time many American citizens were beginning to realize their newly won freedom, however there were groups that arose out of the former Confederacy that attempted to stop any progress. This paper will take a brief look into the Ku Klux Klan and shed some light on “The Invisible Empire”.

The Ku Klux Klan is considered to be a fraternal movement promoting certain extreme “ideals of Western Christian Civilization and White Racial political self-determination.” (KKK) The Klan is indeed a complex "social association” seeking the establishment of White Christian Political Self-Determination. It is a duly incorporated, non-profit, legally recognized institution, striving to “rebuild societies collapsing principles of Christian honor, honesty, duty, courage, brotherhood, and patriotism.” (KKK) The Klan is sometimes referred to as the Invisible Empire because of its strong use of symbolism and the hidden identities of many of its members.

One of the Ku Klux Klan’s ideals is that the white race is “the irreplaceable hub of the nation, Christian faith, and the high levels of Western culture and technology.” (KKK) This ideal truly shows the extremist nature of the Klan. The Klan also stands behind “America first”, before any foreign or alien influence, and a military policy of no intervention in foreign affairs. This stance fits in with the Klan’s strong sense of ethnocentricity. The Ku Klux Klan also believes that the current Governing body of the United States is misinterpreting the Constitution and would like to instate a government “conceived by man which is based on the Holy Bible and Christian Common Law.” (KKK) The Klan also advocates economic nationalism, opposes the Federal Reserve Bank and the Free Trade agreement. Finally, many Klanspeople belong to the growing Christian Identity Religion that, in the eyes of the KKK, is uniting the Christian Patriot Movement in the United States.

The KKK movement during reconstruction provided the people of the south the leadership and rallying point necessary to fight the struggle for freedom black Americans were facing. The Ku Klux Klan of Reconstruction is remembered for its achievements, and sadly, a reputation for victory. This period is known as the "First Era", an era when the desire for a “White America” has never been stronger. (Empire) The “Second Era” of the Klan Movement occurred in the 1920’s. At this time the Klan’s political power reached its peak across the United States (Chivalry).



Today’s Klan, now in its “Fifth Era”, is still a movement for the “ideals of Western Christian Civilization.” (Klan) The Ku Klux Klan is not associated with any one political party or association, instead it is considered to be a “brotherhood” and a “new White racial community that lives and functions by the ideals it promotes.” (KKK) If the Ku Klux Klan were actually able to realize its goals, the United States would be pure “white unity in action.” (KKK)

The name Ku Klux Klan is derived from the Greek word kuklos, meaning circle. The circle, according to the Ku Klux Klan, is said to contain some of the unique characteristics of the White (or Aryan) race. The Klan uses the wheel to symbolize creativity; or more specifically the creativity of the White race, and the circle is the oldest symbol of unity. The word Kuklos when thought about in this manner means “White Racial Brotherhood” to the Klan. Ku Klux was simply taken from the word kuklos and the word Klan was added.

Klan groups traditionally use a Blood Drop symbol, which was popularized during the Second Era in the 1920\'s. The Klan’s idea is to symbolize the blood of Jesus Christ, which was shed for the White Aryan Race. The crosswheel is the symbol of the Knights, which was popularized during 4th Era in the 1970\'s. It is simply a cross in a circle. It was, according to the author of KKK, directly derived from the Klan name and from White history because the crosswheel is found in every White civilization. The crosswheel represents a Christian cross, the wheel of creativity, the circle of unity, motion, and also the ancient Aryan symbol for the sun -- or light. Over the centuries no symbol has come to represent the totality