The Success of England and S Spain in the Colonization of the New World



The Success of England and Spain in the Colonization of the New World
The success in the colonization of the New World (America) depended of many factors such as the treatment of the natives, the Church, methods of government, the support of the colonists, the role of religion, and also the condition of the country who wanted to colonize. I consider success when you have a goal and you achieve it, or perhaps when you obtain something good____________. I think that the English were more successful than the Spanish in colonizing the new world because England was more stable that Spain, they had a powerful army, a better economy system and also because Spanish only wanted gold and richness from the colonies and the English wanted to stay here. This is what Candace is trying to explain us here:
Although Spain struck a formidable figure during the initial colonization of the New World, it is certain that England was the most successful country when came to settling North America. Several factors contributed to England\'s dominance over Spain and the other European countries that attempted colonization. Among those reasons were England’s strong navy, periods of benign neglect in the colonies, development of capitalism, a strong middle class, success at practicing mercantilism, superior geographic locale, and intentions upon coming to the New World. (Candace, 1998, p. 1)
As we can see, Spain had many disadvantages in comparison with England. Its initial success can be attributed to the fact that they were the first European nation that went here and because some religious believes of the natives where they colonized matched what they were living. The English colonists had more success at conquering and colonizing the New World.

In that time, many people had the idea that the Earth was flat and it ended in some point, and people thought that they would fall when they reached that end. If any other people said something different, he was seen as crazy. Contrary to what many people though, Christopher Colombus was one of the persons who thought that the Earth was round and he wanted to find an easier way to find India; however, he founded what it is know America, and he died believing that he had found India. After Colombus voyages, many other colonists followed his route to get to the New World. The Portuguese were the first Europeans who travelled to the New World and encouraged the other European countries to come to the New World, although Portugal wasn’t as powerful as England and Spain, it also influenced in some ways the New World.

The word colonize is defined by __________ as _____________. This means that, in order to colonize, it has to exist a mother country and a colony; the mother country is the one that colonizes, governs and control the colony and the colony is the one who pays taxes. In the 16th century the only countries from Europe that had colonies in the New World were Spain and Portugal. Other countries like England and France were not sure if colonization in the New World would be worth and they also had problems with other European countries to preserve its territory.

One reason that affected the success of the colonization in the New World was the treatment of the natives. In the case of the Spanish colonization, the natives worked for the colonists and were treated very bad, they also worked alone but couldn’t compete with the low prices of the powerful colonists. We can see the bad treatment that Spanish of the natives in the following:
"The Spaniards took babies from their mothers\' breasts, grabbing them by the feet and smashing their heads againt rocks. ... They built a long gibbet, low enough for the toes to touch the ground and prevent strangling, and hanged thirteen [natives] at a time in honor of Christ Our Saviour and the twelve Apostles. ...Then, straw was wrapped around their torn bodies and they were burned alive."
In the case of the English colonizations the relationship between the colonists and the natives was different because at first they get along pretty good but they ended in a state of war