The War of 1812





The United States of America began to see the effects of Anglo-French War by the
early 1800\'s. This European quarrel began affecting the United States shipping industry.
Britain and France were violating neutral shipping rights of American merchants. They
thought of America as weak due to inadequate time the nation had to develop. These
violations were the first and primary provoking factors that led to war with Britain. There
was reason that Britain became the target of US military rather that France. Britain has
influenced Indians around Lake Michigan to resist white settlement. This was one of the
primary reasons the English were chosen as our foe. Britain had the Indians do this as an
attempt to keep the U.S. border as low as possible - not exceeding the Canadian border.
France had made no such attempts to interfere with America; they in fact only had the
simple desire to obtain our goods. They did with hopes of gaining this territory for their
new colony later. Consequently, Britain became the target, and it led to a continuation of
the American Revolution.
The primary cause of the war with Britain was the fact the neutral shipping rights
were violated by Britain, and though France had also violated these rights, there were
other issues that the British were responsible for. Britain blockaded the United States in
such a manner it was no longer possible to export goods by ship. The British were not
doing this to harm America\'s economy, however it was extremely harmful to the economy
of this young country. Britain was doing this so that France could not import as many
goods that would behoove them in the war. France desperately needed various goods
that could be imported from the United States and they were willing to pay where
America\'s economy could have benefited tremendously. Though the fact of the matter is
Britain\'s enormous, notorious navy would not allow the exporting of America\'s goods.
The desire for Canadian colonies to join the United States, and the accusations of the
British supplying Indians with weapons to be used against the U.S. are also causes of the
War of 1812.
The battles of this war were primarily fought on US soil. The British military was
surprised by the United States military. They had underestimated of the young country
that was blossoming and flourishing on freedom. The battle of Stoney Creek is an
example of battle in which the British were surprised by not surprising the US. Lietinant-
Colonol John Harvey chose 700 soldiers 8th and 49th regiments. These men arrived at the
American camp at 2:00 am June 6, 1813, incidentally King George III\'s birthday. The
English forces set there bayonets forward and ran upon the camp while whooping like
Indians. Much to their surprise there were mysteriously only some smoldering camp fires
and some cooks around them. The British realized what had happened: the order had
been made for the American troops to sleep at higher ground for the night with their arms
by their sides. American troops spotted the British while running down upon the camp
and had very little time to attempt to scramble into place. Their time wasn\'t a lot, but it
was much more than the British had. The surprise element was not only lost, but had
backfired on the British. The 49th regiment split left under the command of Major James
Ogilivie; the 8th regiment had split right. Neither regiment had adequate time to form a
line there before the barrage of fire descending upon them. At this crucial moment, Major
Plenderleath, with about 20 men of the 49th, darted up the hill towards four of the
American guns that were mounted on Smith\'s knoll (where the lion monument stands
now). They had managed to shoot two rounds of this artillery before being seized by the
British, but the artillery was to play a vital part in the victory of the battle. Consequently,
American troops suffered much more of a loss than they would have if they had prevented
the capture of these pieces. The British causalities was still greater. Britain had lost 214
of their man against the 168 American losses, however Britain\'s attack would have been
much more unsuccessful had the Americans been able to keep there brigadiers. Far from
all battles were American victories. The battle of Washington D.C. for instance: this was
a tragedy. There were many factors that behooved Britain. One of the most outstanding
disappointments is the deprival of the 5,000 militia