Titian



Titian

No one knows exactly when the Italian artist, Tiziano Vecellio, was born. Over the centuries, there has been a great deal of confusion concerning the date, due to a misprint in his biography by sixteenth century art historian, Girgio Vasari. Vasari recorded the date as 1480, but the progress of Tiziano Vecellio’s work, as well as other documented sources, announce his date of birth to be sometime between 1488 and 1490. (Magill 2310) The place of his birth was Pieve de Cadore, in the Alps north of Venice. Tiziano Vecellio, also known as Titian, was a great master of religious art, a portraitist, and the creator of mythological compositions, which have been so decorative and inventive that no other artist has yet surpassed them. People such as his wife, Cecilia, Giovanni Bellini, and the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V, influenced Titian. (Magill 2311) Titian is considered to be one of the greatest artists of the Italian High Renaissance. Titian developed an oil-painting technique during his time as an artist of successive glazes and broad paint application that influenced many generations of artists to follow along with his other various important accomplishments.
Titian had many accomplishments in his lifetime. In 1518, Titian’s Assumption of the Virgin was shown at the Church of the Frari in Venice. It was in this composition that Titian seemed suddenly to absorb the achievements of the Roman High Renaissance style. At the time, it was learned that Titan had not traveled much, and therefore assumed that he squired this knowledge of art by visiting artists, studying their drawings and reproductive engravings. During the decades following his appearance in the art life, Titian’s reproductions placed him along with Michelangelo, as the most powerful artist in Europe. He was recognized for his mythical paintings, three of which he created for Alfonso I d’Este of Ferrara, called The Bacchanal of the Andrians, The Worship of Venus, and Baahus and Ariadne. Among his many patrons, the most important were the Spanish Habsburgs. Titian’s fame, wealth, and social position resulted from his patrons and admirers. His major artistic inhibitions included being especially creative with diagonal placing and perspectives, as well as setting up unusual spectator viewpoints. Among his most famous works, rests the picture known as The Gypsy Madonna. This picture is a variation of the half-length Madonna and Child popular with Giovanni Bellini. Although, Titian moves all the major forms off center and encouraged the viewer to look diagonally into a landscape to the left of the Madonna. Over the years, Titian continued to develop his individual style. He used color and light to define his forms instead of lines. (Magill 2310)
A turning point for Titian was when he returned home from Rome in June of 1546. He had the opportunity to see first hand the places that Michalangleo and Raphael had seen and created their artwork from. (“Encyclopedia of World Biography” 242-243) He therefore produced his own masterpieces during his stay in Rome. Paul III and His Grandsons was a presentation of a dramatic encounter between the aged pope and his conniving grandsons. This work is one of the most psychologically showing works of the time. (“Encyclopedia of World Biography” 242-243) When Titian arrived back in Venice, he created the Christ Crowned with Thorns, which was an interpretation of an encounter he had in Rome. He created various masterpieces throughout his experiences, which are still widely known today.
Titian set out with his elder brother, Francesco, at the age of nine to study in the workshop of Sebastiano Zuccati, and then soon began to study painting with Givanni Bellini. It is with Giovanni that Titian learned his current Venetian style and techniques. Titian met a painter by the name of Giorgione. Titian began to work for Giorgione for the German Commercial Headquarters in Venice. This man was significant in Titian’s life because of the great influence he placed on Titian’s style of work. The similarities between the two artists is so nominal that scholars have had trouble telling their work apart on unsigned paintings. Among others who influenced Titian’s career, are the Spanish Habsburgs, as mentioned previously. He had close relationships with Charles V, Francis I, Alfonso and Isabella d\'Este, the Houses of Ferrara and Urbino, which made him the first of the