who is to blame for the tragedy of macbeth





Who Is To Blame For
The Tragedy of Macbeth?



Macbeth, the play was one of Shakespeare’s bloody and goriest tragedies. It was based on a true story of the Celtic throne. It is a play about murder, power, ambition, greed and deception.

The play is set in bleak Scotland, where King Duncan rules over all. At the start of the play Scotland is at battle with Norway. Macbeth is Thane of Glamis and has emerged from battle as a brave and courageous solider. He is admired by all as a good man.

He along with Banquo, meets the Witches on a thunderous moor where he is told of a prophecy in which he will soon become Thane of Cawdor and then King of Scotland.

He writes to his wife and together they plot to murder Duncan. They kill Duncan while he is asleep in their house. Macbeth becomes king; the prophecies have come true. But he becomes extremely paranoid, Banquo was with him, when the prophecies were made and he surely must be suspicious.

The Witches also made the prediction that Banquo\'s son would be king. So Macbeth hires people to murder Banquo and his son Fleance. Banquo is killed but his son Fleance escapes. Macbeth also kills everyone who is at Macduff’s residence, after Macduff flees for England. For this he also hires people to carry out his killings.

Macbeth first meets the Witches (Act 1, Scene 3) on a deserted heath, where the setting is dark and stormy. This is to represent the dark and murderous deeds and thoughts that happen, and also shows that the theme of “evil” is central. He has just come out of battle and he is with Banquo, his best friend at the time. In Act 1, Scene 1, where we are first introduced to the Witches they state that “fair is foul and foul is fair”. The words contradict each other and they introduce an idea of conflicting illusion and reality. We then hear Macbeth echo these words in his first line in Act 1, Scene 3, “so fair and foul a day I have not seen”. Is Macbeth thinking as much evil as the Witches, their words are in his mouth. Is Macbeth really in control of his own destiny?

The three witches make three initial predictions. The first witch says, “All hail, Macbeth, hail to thee, Thane of Glamis”, the second witch then goes onto say, “All hail, Macbeth, hail to thee, Thane of Cawdor”, the third witch then says “all hail, Macbeth, that shalt be king hereafter”. They also tell Banquo that his sons shall become King. The prophecies have a lot of influence over Macbeth. The witches are clever in coming to Macbeth at the right time and in what they said. They chose exactly the right moment to approach Macbeth. He is full of triumph and fresh from the fighting ad killing. He is at a particularly vulnerable time to have his head filled with thoughts of becoming king and fame. He says to Banquo “… Why do I yield to that suggestion whose horrid image doth unfix to my hair, and make my seated heart knock on my ribs, Against the use of Nature.” The text states clearly that Macbeth has murderous thought in his mind that are prompted by the prophecy, “Present fears, are less than horrible imaginings: My thought, whose murder is fantastical shakes so single state of man.” It is an important point, it shows his reaction that someone has read his mind. The Witches are actually speaking Macbeth\'s innermost thoughts. Does this prove that Macbeth could control things and that the Witches were actually reading his mind by pushing him towards fate? The witches know exactly what to say, and their timing is precise. They seem unnaturally close and act with one mind. They also speak in riddles, which torment and twist his mind, for example. “Lesser than Macbeth, but greater” and “Not so happy, yet much happier”.

Once the Witches vanish, some other Thanes, Ross and Angus, soon arrive with the news from the king that Macbeth is about to receive the title Thane of Cawdor. The Witches’ predictions have already excited Macbeth, but when he becomes Thane of