Will Beachner Dr. Caughron AP Lit & Comp 30 January 2017 Smartphones: Vital to the Workplace According to Jan Chipchase, former scientist for Nokia, a mobile phone juggernaut, " The mobile phone is used from when you get up in the morning and is often the last thing you interact with at night " (Chipchase). These words from Chipchase reflect a growing culture change throughout the world that has recreated the way people act in their day to day lives. Mobile phones, specifically smartphones, have swept through society, and have become commonplace for all different types of people. There is no denying that the smartphone has had a massive impact, but there is debate about whether the impact has been positive or negative. The history of this debate began over a decade ago when Blackberry revealed their " smartphone " in 2002. This new technology was then viewed as a successor to the PDA which was exceedingly popular among those in the working world. The idea was to have a portable office equipped with email, address books, internet access, and the ability to communicate with one another easily. In its infancy, smartphones were engineered for people in the workforce to use. This remained the primary focus of smartphone manufacturers until Apple came onto the scene in 2007 when they unveiled the first ever iPhone. This marked the very first model of what is now considered the modern smartphone. Apple created a device that was geared towards personal use while still maintaining the office functions that had allowed the smartphone to take off in the first place. Since entering this " iPhone era " society has taken the personalization features and ran with them. Today everybody has a smartphone and if they do not, they wish they did. Smartphones have become a necessity to everyone with new functions that have replaced the essentials of years past like maps, calculators, and cameras. Now, everything that would have needed a backpack in years past can simply fit in one ' s pocket (Trevena). After reading the history of the smartphone, it may be hard to see what the debate is all about. However, one must remember that with almost all technological advancements, there is a negative sentiment that surrounds them. People have a certain way of getting things done and typically do not want it changed. The integration of smartphones in everyday life has brought up debate about their place in work environments. It is easy to stick with the way it has always been and go against the use of smartphones for workers. However, businesses need to stay up with new technology in order to expand and stay successful. Smartphones are the current cutting edge of technology that can revolutionize the way businesses operate and interact. The first question many businesses probably have regarding this debate: what would smartphones be used for and can they even be implemented into the workplace? With the invention of the modern smartphone being relatively recent, the answers to these questions are not exactly obvious. However, the medical field provides an example of how to successfully implement smartphones into daily activities. The world of medicine is fast moving and must always seek ways to increase efficiency for the well-being of their patients. This demand has prompted the implementation of revolutionary practice that hospitals have never seen before. R.S. Vohra and T.L. Lewis, founders of schoolofsurgery.org and members of The Association of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland, writes in the British Journal of Surgery, " Surveys have shown that over 80 percent of clinicians own and use smartphones regularly, and they have become the main form of in-hospital communication " (Vohra and Lewis). Vohra and Lewis exhibit the commonplace use of smartphones that have been implemented into the medical field with great success. Having that instant connection with every doctor or nurse in a hospital results in peak efficiency and could even mean the difference between life and death for some patients. Vohra and Lewis later go on to discuss the other uses of smartphones outside of communication by writing, " The potential of smartphones has been revolutionized by the development of mobile applications or ‘ apps '…