Astronomy Page 2

NIcholas Coppernicus Nicolaus Copernicus was a Polish astronomer, best known for the astronomical theory that the sun is stationary and Earth, spinning on it’s axis once daily, revolves around the sun annually. He was very intelligent and was educated at various universities. If Copernicus hadn’t challenged Pltolmy’s theory, it would have affected us in many ways. Space travel, satellites, and weather prediction would not be as advanced. Nicolaus Copernicus was born on February 19, 1473 in Torun
Rennaisance The 14th, 15th and part of 16th century was a glorious time for Europe, it was the reformation of many old ideas and the formation of many new, this was called the Renaissance. The Renaissance brought many changes to Europe, the economy was greatly boosted by of all the new explorations. The flourishing economy helped to inspire new developments in art and literature. And from that many new beliefs were formed. The European economy flourished during the Renaissance due to many factor
Roman History Rome The Land Italy is a peninsula jutting out into the Medditerranean sea west of Greece. Italy has poor mineral resources and very few useful harbors, however it is wealty in both fertile land and precipitation. Three - quarters of the peninsula is covered in foothills and mountains. The alps, a mountian range to the north of Italy, cut off the peninsulas only land connection, which resulted, in the times of Ancient Rome, in the people trading amonst themselves. The Early People
Stonehenge I. On Salisbury Plain in Southern England stands Stonehenge, the most famous of all megalithic sites. Stonehenge is unique among the monuments of the ancient world. Isolated on a windswept plain, built by a people with no written language, Stonehenge challenges our imagination. The impressive stone circle stands near the top of a gently sloping hill on Salisbury Plain about thirty miles from the English Channel. The stones are visible over the hills for a mile or two in every directio
The Advancement of the Mayan Civilization The highly advanced citizens of the ancient Mayan civilization used hieroglyphics to keep important historical records, made many advancements in mathematics, and had a highly accurate astronomy system. Throughout their years of existence, the Mayans proved to be one of the most advanced civilizations ever recorded. Their hieroglyphic writing skills have been documented to be some of the most sophisticated in all of ancient America. The Mayans also had a
The English Culture The Culture of England What is it that defines a culture of a historical period? It can be the accumulation of the arts or advances in technology, science, music, teacher, the economy, war, or religion. It can also just be a simple change of view or beliefs in a group of people. These changes were clearly seen in England during the 17th century. The King\'s followers and Parliament began to dispute over the future government and religion of England. While these disputes were
The Maya The Maya The Maya were once considered one of the greatest civilizations in North America, and possibly the world. They built many pyramids and temples to honor their gods and to preserve their religion. Their lives revolved around their king and sacrifice of his blood. The cultural achievements of the Maya along with the educational achievements came centuries before other cultures. These achievements still exist today along with the Mayan culture, which has spanned over two thousand y
The University of Oxford The University of Oxford The University of Oxford in Oxford, England is a very old and distinguished institution. Oxford University has been in existence for around nine centuries (Brief 1). It is the oldest English speaking university in the world (History 1). There is no exact date when the University was established, but there is some evidence of teaching going on around 1096 (Kenny 2). There are said to be several different founders of the University, but there is no
When China Ruled the Seas For nearly three decades in the early 15th century China was the most powerful force in the world. They had fine artisans who crafted the most beautiful, delicate porcelains and silks in the known world. They had the technologies of firepower, astronomy, and oceanic navigation. They had the belief that they were the center of the world, the “Middle Kingdom,” and that the Son of Heaven ruled them. But most importantly, they had the means to bring their influences and cul
Aristotle Aristotle (b. 384 - d. 322 BC), was a Greek philosopher, logician, and scientist. Along with his teacher Plato, Aristotle is generally regarded as one of the most influential ancient thinkers in a number of philosophical fields, including political theory. Aristotle’s’ writing reflects his time, background and beliefs. Aristotle was born at Stagira, in Macedonia. His father, Nichomacus, was the personal physician to the King of Macedonia, Amyntas. At the age of seventeen, Aristotle lef
august ferdinand mobius August Ferdinand Möbius was born on November 17, 1790 in Schulpforta, Germany. (Then called Saxony.) He was the only child of Johann Heinrich Mobius, a dancing teacher. She was related to the famous Martin Luther, the man responsible for writing the document known as the 96 Thesis. Möbius himself was home schooled until he was thirteen. Showing an avid interest in mathematics, he went to college in Schulpforta, Germany in 1803. When Möbius graduated from college in 1809 h
Eratosthenes Eratosthenes Eratosthenes was born in Cyrene which is now in Libya in North Africa. His teachers included the scholar Lysanias of Cyrene and the philosopher Ariston of Chios who had studied under Zeno, the founder of the Stoic school of philosophy. Eratosthenes also studied under the poet and scholar Callimachus who had also been born in Cyrene. Eratosthenes then spent some years studying in Athens. The library at Alexandria was planned by Ptolemy I Soter and the project came to fru
Galileo Galilei Galileo Galilei Galileo Galilei was born at Pisa on the 18th of February in 1564. His father, Vincenzo Galilei, belonged to a noble family and had gained some distinction as a musician and a mathematician. At an early age, Galileo manifested his ability to learn both mathematical and mechanical types of things, but his parents, wishing to turn him aside from studies which promised no substantial return, steered him toward some sort of medical profession. But this had no effect on
History of Math Mathematics, study of relationships among quantities, magnitudes, and properties and of logical operations by which unknown quantities, magnitudes, and properties may be deduced. In the past, mathematics was regarded as the science of quantity, whether of magnitudes, as in geometry, or of numbers, as in arithmetic, or of the generalization of these two fields, as in algebra. Toward the middle of the 19th century, however, mathematics came to be regarded increasingly as the scienc
History of Math Mathematics, study of relationships among quantities, magnitudes, and properties and of logical operations by which unknown quantities, magnitudes, and properties may be deduced. In the past, mathematics was regarded as the science of quantity, whether of magnitudes, as in geometry, or of numbers, as in arithmetic, or of the generalization of these two fields, as in algebra. Toward the middle of the 19th century, however, mathematics came to be regarded increasingly as the scienc
Pythagoren Theorm pythagorean theorm The Pythagorean Theorem is a geometrical expression used often in math and physics. It used to 2 2 2 find the unknown side of a right triangle. The exponential form of this theorem a + b = c . That is the equation you use when you are looking for the unknown side of a right triangle, and it is what I’ll demonstrate on the attached exhibit. The upside down capital L in the bottom of the left hand corner indicates that sides A & B are the legs of the triangle.
Pythagorus of Samos Pythagoras of Samos Pythagoras of Samos is often described as the first pure mathematician. He is an extremely important figure in the development of mathematics yet we know relatively little about his mathematical achievements. Unlike many later Greek mathematicians, where at least we have some of the books which they wrote, we have nothing of Pythagoras\'s writings. The society which he led, half religious and half scientific, followed a code of secrecy which certainly mean
Whitman poems interperted Walt Whitman’s poem “A Sight in Camp in the Daybreak Gray and Dim”, sets the picture of a solider camp near a battlefield. (This was probably around the time when he served as a volunteer nurse and comforter in the army.) In line two Whitman wakes up early due to little sleep, perhaps from going to battle. As he goes outside near the hospital tent, he sees three people on stretchers brought outside untended. He describes the blankets covering the soldiers over each str
ALBERT EINSTEIN Alfred Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany on March 14, 1879. You might ask yourself, what would it be like to be born a genius? If you were anything like Albert Einstein you were a very quiet, secretive child who had trouble in school and against authority. And most of all, you would not be a child prodigy as some people might think. Some believed Albert Einstein was backward(Current Biography, 257) when he was young, because he could not speak fluently when he was nine. But eve
ancient greece Why should one study the Ancient Greeks? There exist almost countless contributions that Greek culture has made to western society in the areas of art, literature, philosophy, drama, architecture and politics. Lasting visions of thought and inspiring intellect helped shaped today\'s western culture with notions of democracy and personal freedoms. Greek scientists made revolutionary discoveries in medicine, mathematics, physics, and astronomy. It was the Greeks who, through philoso
Asteroids Paper #1 The article that I have reviewed is on NASAs close-up images of asteroid Eros. A CNN staff writer talks about the way the images of the asteroid looks and writes how scientists make observations. The scientists believe that the asteroid may have broken off from small planet from the observations of the images. The robot ships pictures show signs of geological layering. The scientists educated guesses are that Eros was once part of a larger body and the images show six or sev
astronomy AstronomersPart OneBrief Descriptions of the Following Astronomers:Walter Baade : Baade was a German-born American, whose work gave new estimates for the age and size of the universe. During the wartime, blackouts aided his observatons and allowed him to indentify and classify stars in a new and useful way, and led him to increase and improve Hubble\'s values for the size and age of the universe (to the great relief of geologists.) He also worked on supernovae and radiostars.Milton Hum
astronomy1 Mayan Astronomy was better Than Babylonian Astronomy Mayan astronomy differed in several ways compared to Babylonian astronomy. Among the numerous ways were their different beliefs in the heavens, space, planets Earth and even their calendars. The Mayan calendar is one of the world’s most ancient calendar systems. Even though it is seen as the most complex, it is also seen as the most accurate. The 260-day and the 365-day cycle’s are almost exactly equal to the actual solar year in th
Belize Geography The Country of Belize is located in Central America along the Eastern or Caribbean coast. The Country shares the northern and western border with Mexico and southern border with Guatemala. The Inner coastal waters are shallow and sheltered by a line of coral reefs, (at 180 miles the 2nd largest in the world), the country has over 200 islands, atolls, and islets called “Cayes”. Belize covers 8,866 miles of territory. The mainland is approximately 180 miles long and 68 miles wide.
Big Bang It is always a mystery about how the universe began, whether if and when it will end. Astronomers construct hypotheses called cosmological models that try to find the answer. There are two types of models: Big Bang and Steady State. However, through many observational evidences, the Big Bang theory can best explain the creation of the universe. The Big Bang model postulates that about 15 to 20 billion years ago, the universe violently exploded into being, in an event called the Big Bang
Big Bang It is always a mystery about how the universe began, whether if and when it will end. Astronomers construct hypotheses called cosmological models that try to find the answer. There are two types of models: Big Bang and Steady State. However, through many observational evidences, the Big Bang theory can best explain the creation of the universe. The Big Bang model postulates that about 15 to 20 billion years ago, the universe violently exploded into being, in an event called the Big Bang
Carl Siegel Carl Siegel Carl Siegel was born on December 31 1896 in Berlin Germany. Siegel father worked at the post office. In 1915 Carl entered the University of Berlin. This is while World War I was going on. First Siegel\'s intentions were to study astronomy, but Frobenius, which took him towards number theory, influenced him. This was the main research of his career. In 1917 Siegel studies were interrupted due to military service he had to serve. He was discharged later as one of their fail
Char Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, King of the Franks (742-814), was a strong leader who unified Western Europe through military power and the blessing of the Church. His belief in the need for education among the Frankish people was to bring about religious, political, and educational reforms that would change the history of Europe. Charlemagne was born in 742 at Aachen, the son of Pepin(or Pippin) the Short and grandson of Charles Martel. His grandfather, Charles, had begun the process of
Chinese Dinasties Chinese Dynasties: 1. Shang: Also called Yin, dynasty that was China\'s earliest historically verifiable state 1766 B.C. to 1122 B.C. A. Reason\'s for Rise: Unlike the early accounts of history by the Chinese, there is archaeological evidence of the Shang, who built their cities in northern China around the eastern parts of the Yellow River. For this reason they are called the Yellow River civilization. They were a bronze age people; bronze-working seems to have entered China a
cosmic cataclyms Critical Review In November of 1999 an article about cosmic cataclysms appeared in Time magazine. A cosmic cataclysm is also known as a gamma-ray burst. These gamma bursts can’t be seen with the naked eye and they release more energy than our sun releases in its whole lifetime. As of now, no one is really sure what’s causing these large blasts. Hopefully this will change as astrophysicists meet to discuss the blasts and as satellites are launched into space to capture the phenom
Descartes vs hume Exploring the Epistemology’s of Rene Descartes and David Hume Beginning in the 17th century, traditional ideas were being questioned by the new beginnings of science. Although many of the accomplishments during this “scientific revolution” were in astronomy and mechanics, very important advances along the whole borders of knowledge were also taking place. The revival of skepticism, brought about by these new concepts, had many philosophers seeking answers to questions such as:
Early Day Astronomers and Their Influences In Astronomy In modern day astronomy and the study of the universe, individuals usually come up with predictions and then gather information and data in order to prove or disprove their hypothesis. Other astronomers in the history of astronomy did the same and came up with their own conclusions based on the data they collected. Some of their predictions were correct, and some were way off, but for the most part they progressed the study of the universe
economics4 Trade and investmentAustralia\'s export structures have changed considerably over the past 15 years. Although trade in commodities remains strong, new services and sophisticated manufacturing export markets have emerged.Merchandise exports were valued at $86 billion in 1998-99. During the same year, Australian exports of services totalled $26 billion. Exports recorded seven per cent average annual growth in the five years to 1998-99. They now account for 20 per cent of GDP, compared w
Einstein Cultural Icon Einstein: Cultural Icon What can a hero be defined as? A hero impacts the world around them in such a way as to effect the views of views of everyone from the average man to the rocket scientist. In the world today a paucity of these heroes is present. However, Albert Einstein can be considered a role model and hero. Einstein was born on March 14, 1879 in Germany where he developed his theories of relativity. In 1933 when Hitler came to power Einstein fled to the United St
Emily Elizabeth Emily Elizabeth Dickinson was born on December 10, 1830, in Amherst, Mass. Her father, Edward Dickinson, was a lawyer and leading citizen of Amherst. Her mother was Emily Norcross Dickinson. Emily had an older brother, William Austin, and a younger sister, Lavinia. Emily Dickinson had more formal education than most women of her time. As her father was serving in Congress, she got a chance to meet the Reverend Charles Wadsworth. He was the subject of her love poems. After her sch
evolution Is Evolution a Fact or a Theory? Both. In Darwin\'s day, and before, many naturalists theorized that living things were somehow related in a manner beyond that of their obvious common differences from non-living matter. These speculations, including those of Darwin, are appropriately termed theories: speculations about nature that were informed by observation and subject to test by additional observations. Over the years since the introduction of a theory of evolution by Charles Darwin
evolution a theory Is evolution just a theory?? A basic argument used by creationists is that evolution is only a theory and cannot be proven. This creationist argument is based on the false assumption that the only way to prove evolution is for someone to actually observe large evolutionary changes, for example birds evolving from dinosaurs. Since this can\'t be accomplished in a few lifetimes, creationists claim that proving evolution is impossible. This argument totally ignores the enor
Eyeless Eyeless If someone would have taken me outside and told me to look at the night sky and tell them what I was thinking, two weeks ago I would have probably said some idiotic remark like, Cool. If they asked me what I thought about space, I probably would have coldly answered, I could care less. I thought that all that space was made of was a huge overabundance of white dots filling the pitch-black sky. The only thing I really liked was the moon because it was the closest thing I could
Fire in the Sky Phenomena is a matter that social scientists must view in a very specific and cautious way. Social scientists must have a balance of doubt and caution and willingness to perceive new ideas in order to be successful. Doubt and caution is used when a specific issue is looked into more closely, and it basically takes away the chances of one being too gullible. A willingness to perceive new ideas is another way of saying to be open-minded, which is a trait that is definitely needed.
galileo Hearing early in 1609 that a Dutch optician, named Lippershey, had produced an instrument by which the apparent size of remote objects was magnified, Galileo at once realized the principle by which such a result could alone be attained, and, after a single night devoted to consideration of the laws of refraction, he succeeded in constructing a telescope which magnified three times, its magnifying power being soon increased to thirty-two. This instrument being provided and turned towards
galileo Hearing early in 1609 that a Dutch optician, named Lippershey, had produced an instrument by which the apparent size of remote objects was magnified, Galileo at once realized the principle by which such a result could alone be attained, and, after a single night devoted to consideration of the laws of refraction, he succeeded in constructing a telescope which magnified three times, its magnifying power being soon increased to thirty-two. This instrument being provided and turned towards
Galoleo The seventeenth century marked the beginning of spectacular changes in science that to this day flourish. However, during these times, science and faith would clash, and in their terrible conflict, the two were severed, to continue in divergent directions and to lose their common ground that continues at the present. The Aristotelian point of view that the Earth was the center of the universe was a universal, Biblical belief that no one dared to question. However, one man’s discoveries w
god exists The existence of God has been a question since the idea of God was conceived Descartes tries to prove God\'s existence, and to show that there is without a doubt something external to ones own existence. He is looking for a definite certainty, a foundation for which he can base all of his beliefs and know that they are true. Descartes\' overall project is to find a definite certainty on which he can base all his knowledge and beliefs. Descartes attacks the principles that support ever
Heron of Alexandria Another worker in applied mathematics belonging to the period under consideration was Heron of Alexandria. His much disputed date, with possibilities ranging from 150 BC to 250 AD, has recently been plausibly placed in the second half of the first century AD. His works on mathematical and physical subjects are so numerous and varied that it is customary to describe him as an encyclopedic writer in these fields. There are reasons to suppose he was an Egyptian with Greek traini
hubble THE JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY OF CANADA JOURNAL DE LA SOCIÉTÉ ROYALE D ASTRONOMIE DU CANADA Vol. 83, No.6 December 1989 Whole No. 621 EDWIN HUBBLE 1889-1953 By Allan Sandage The Observatories of the Carnegie Institution, Pasadena, California, U.S.A. (Received September 22, 1989) Hubble\'s role. This year marks the centennial of the birth of Edwin Hubble. There can be no doubt that future historians, writing about the scientific advances of this age will describe the 20th c
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Leonardo Renaissance Man The great turning point of Western civilization called the Renaissance, the rebirth of literature, art, architecture, and philosophy in Europe, marked the emergence of the modern world from the dark ages (Aston 11). The Renaissance caused educated Europeans to develop new attitudes about themselves and the world around them. This intellectual cultural awaking influenced European thinking by a concept of humanism, which emphasized the worth of an individual (Aston 12). Th
leonhard Euler Leonhard Euler\'s father was Paul Euler. Paul Euler had studied theology at the University of Basel and had attended Jacob Bernoulli\'s lectures there. In fact Paul Euler and Johann Bernoulli had both lived in Jacob Bernoulli\'s house while undergraduates at Basel. Paul Euler became a Protestant minister and married Margaret Brucker, the daughter of another Protestant minister. Their son Leonhard Euler was born in Basel, but the family moved to Riehen when he was one year old and
leonhard Euler Leonhard Euler\'s father was Paul Euler. Paul Euler had studied theology at the University of Basel and had attended Jacob Bernoulli\'s lectures there. In fact Paul Euler and Johann Bernoulli had both lived in Jacob Bernoulli\'s house while undergraduates at Basel. Paul Euler became a Protestant minister and married Margaret Brucker, the daughter of another Protestant minister. Their son Leonhard Euler was born in Basel, but the family moved to Riehen when he was one year old and
lewis and clark By the late 1700\'s, the young United States began to look westward and dream about the possibilities it presented. They wondered if there was in fact an all water route from the Mississippi to the Pacific, what the whole continent actually looked like, and really, what was out there. There were many individual and groups of people that helped pave an opening for the eventual settlement of the American west. Two of the most recognizable and important groups that opened up the wes