Biology Page 13

Self
Self
self The “self” of every human being is a construct of numerous elements, both internal as well as external. According to Baumeister “Personal identity is a crucial interface between the private organism and society. The identity represents an important means by which the physical being takes its place in society so as to communicate and interact with other people” (191). Many things influence and shape someone’s identity and sense of self. Those of us in transition from adolescence to adulthoo
Self
Self
self The “self” of every human being is a construct of numerous elements, both internal as well as external. According to Baumeister “Personal identity is a crucial interface between the private organism and society. The identity represents an important means by which the physical being takes its place in society so as to communicate and interact with other people” (191). Many things influence and shape someone’s identity and sense of self. Those of us in transition from adolescence to adulthoo
Sexual desires
Sexual desires
Sexual desires Astronauts and cosmonauts have lived in space for prolonged periods in the past, but the numbers on any one stint have been few. When the station is completed, crews of seven will serve tours of duty of up to 180 days. And proposed missions to Mars could take two and a half years to complete. Naturally, sexual behavior might occur on such long missions. It is a topic, however, that makes NASA publicists uneasy--as if the issue could somehow make astronauts seem to have less of t
Sexuality and Sexual Identity
Sexuality and Sexual Identity
Sexuality and Sexual Identity Sexuality and Sexual Identity In Social Deviance Alfred C. Kinsey argued in 1948 that It would encourage clearer thinking on these matters [of labeling homosexuals] if persons were not characterized as heterosexual or homosexual, but as individuals who have had certain amounts of heterosexual experience and homosexual experience. Instead of using these terms as substantives (real and apparent entities) which stand for persons, &they may be better used to describe
Suiciede
Suiciede
Suiciede SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BEHIND TEEN SUICIDE Teen suicide is a major problem in our society today. The adolescent suicide rate has tripled since 1960, while being the largest cause of death between the ages of 15 and 24. This is the one single age group that has seen an increase in suicides over the past thirty years. There are about 10,000 reported suicides reported annually. It is estimated however, that the true number of teen suicides is actually three to four times that number when unrep
The death of Behaviourism
The death of Behaviourism
The death of Behaviourism Is Behaviorism DEAD? Some lovely Obituaries of the leading players in the Psychology of behaviorism. Chris Mullally 741203 Aristotle, 384 BC  322 BC, dead. Man is by nature, a political animal. Of the two great philosophers of Greece, Plato and Aristotle, the latter was the one who relied on observation. In Raphael\'s The School of Athens the two great philosophers in the center of the painting, surrounded by the other great Greeks, with Plato holding his hand uprig
The Great Nature vs Nurture Debate
The Great Nature vs Nurture Debate
The Great Nature vs Nurture Debate The Great Nature vs. Nurture Debate No change in circumstances can repair a defect of character. Ralph Waldo Emerson One of the great controversial debates in Psychology is determining if characteristics and behavior are primarily due to genetics or the environment. We can now readily accept that genes determine our eye color, height, blood type, and other biological factors. Do these same genes that determine anatomy also determine our tendency towards traits
The InterRelationship between Stress and the Human
The InterRelationship between Stress and the Human
The InterRelationship between Stress and the Human Immune The Inter-Relationship between Stress and the Human Immune System upon Health Outcomes By Luke Austin The impact of stress on human immune system functioning and health outcomes is an area of recent interest. This investigation as to how health outcomes are affected by this inter-relationship will firstly operationalise all of the variables (health, stress, immune system); and secondly, by describing the functions and reactions of the im
The progression of Sigmund Freud
The progression of Sigmund Freud
The progression of Sigmund Freud The theories of Sigmund Freud were advanced and are very influential to modern society. This Austrian physician and neurologist is commonly considered as having one of the greatest creative minds of recent times.1 Throughout his entire childhood Freud had been planning a career in law. Not long before he entered the University of Vienna in 1873 Freud decided to become a medical student. In school he met a boy that was much older than him. Looking up to him and r
The Psycology of Attraction
The Psycology of Attraction
The Psycology of Attraction The Psychology of Attraction Overview Attraction: 1.n. the power or act of attracting; 2.a desirable or pleasant quality or thing (Websters Dictionary, 1995). Taken directly from Websters Dictionary, this definition states in clear, scientific terms what attraction is. However, as every human knows, the power of attraction goes far beyond this cut and dried statement, reaching deep into our psyche, as well into our past. In this paper, the processes of attraction
Toward a Cognitive Psychology of Science Recent Re
Toward a Cognitive Psychology of Science Recent Re
Toward a Cognitive Psychology of Science Recent Research and Its Implications In the article written by Ryan Tweney, he is contemplating the idea of whether there is a cognitive significance to scientific thinking. Many different studies are mentioned to try and answer this contemplation. One study on discovering the complexity of the universe found that subjects did the best if they confirmed evidence supporting their hypothesis early, and disconfirmed evidence later; this explains the persist
When does adolecence begin
When does adolecence begin
When does adolecence begin Adolescence begins in biology and ends in society. The definitions we accept to describe the onset of adolescence revolve around puberty, biological changes of the body. Therefore I consider adolescence to begin in biology. Adolescence ends in society. Entrance into adulthood marks the end of adolescence. The definitions of who is considered an adult are defined by society and therefore I contest that adolescence ends in society. The onset of adolescence is marked by
Growing Up
Growing Up
you Growing Up The nature versus nurture debate has been a classic controversy among experts for centuries. Presently, there is no clear conclusion to the dispute; yet, there are many hypotheses. Both sides of this controversy have been explored thoroughly among researchers. The nature side of the debate argues that a person maintains his mental ability only based on what he is born with genetically. Defending this side of the debate exclusively would be establishing that a persons environment
Amazing Quran
Amazing Quran
Amazing Quran Calling the Qur\'an amazing is not something done only by Muslims, who have an appreciation for the book and who are pleased with it; it has been labeled amazing by non-Muslims as well. In fact, even people who hate Islam very much have still called it amazing. One thing which surprises non_muslims who are examining the book very closely is that the Qur\'an does not appear to them to be what they expected. What they assume is that they have an old book which came fourteen centurie
Canon
Canon
canon Marriage is a human reality founded on mutual consent and reciprocal love. Its very nature is prepared towards the interests of the partners as well as for the birth and rearing of children. The purpose of marriage is the increase of the people of God and mutual help for the partners in loyalty and love. As a sacrament, marriage reflects the covenant between Christ and His Church and is the efficacious sign of this New Covenant. It is symbolized in marriage by the reciprocal and indissolu
Creationsim vs Evolution
Creationsim vs Evolution
Creationsim vs Evolution Creationism and Evolution For a long time school administrators, teachers, parents and even students have argued for and against the teaching of either creation and/or evolution. Evolution has been taught in many public schools for generations because of the scientific methods and support it has as a scientific theory of how we as humans came to be. Many religions hold different views of how humanity as we know it was created and these people believe that students shoul
Parallels Departures and What Science can gain fro
Parallels Departures and What Science can gain fro
Parallels Departures and What Science can gain from Buddhism Parallels, Departures, and What Science can gain from Buddhism According to our experience there is a tremendous variety of stuff which exists in the world. Furthermore, any specific sample of this stuff seems to be extremely active, constantly moving, interacting with and reacting against all the other stuff. How are we to explain this - both the stuff and the activity? How does it work, and what purpose does it serve in what appears
Philosophy
Philosophy
philosophy Wilson uses the word consilience in regards to various academic disciplines by stating that thinking clear thoughts about specific fields can only be done through the use of the coherence (consilience) between them. Wilson describes the importance of integrating what we know from natural science with our knowledge of social science and the humanities in order to tackle many of societys daily concerns. (ie poverty, overpopulation, abortion.) An example of a consilience explanatio
Racism
Racism
racism Race, Class and Gender issues are commonly brought up. Throughout history many groups have been stigmatized not just for their race, but for their sex, and class as well. People of lower class incomes get slandered for where they live and for not having the economical means to purchase most common goods. Women have been considered the weaker sex for centuries, and currently, some of the old fashioned and ignorant theories on women being subordinate to men prevail. In the article  Rethin
Teaching Creationism in Schools
Teaching Creationism in Schools
Teaching Creationism in Schools Teaching Creationism in Schools The issue of teaching creationism in the public schools has long been debated. Over the years many different arguments have been made. First creationists tried to have the teaching of evolution outlawed. This issue went to the Supreme Court in 1968, where in _Epperson v. Arkansas_ the high court ruled against banning the teaching of evolution. Soon after this decision creationists began to call for \'equal time\', or the equal trea
A Study in the Life and Accomplishments of Frances
A Study in the Life and Accomplishments of Frances
A Study in the Life and Accomplishments of Francesco Redi A Study of the Life and Accomplishments of Francesco Redi Francesco Redi was born on February 19, 1626 in Arezzo, Italy. He died on March 1, 1697 in Pisa, Italy. His father was Gregorio Redi a renowned Florentine physician who worked at the Medici court. His mother’s name was Cecilia de\' Ghinci. Redi was the eldest of nine brothers. He graduated in philosophy and medicine from the University of Pisa on May 1st 1647. On April 26, 1648 he
Adaptions in Ectothermic and Endothermic animals t
Adaptions in Ectothermic and Endothermic animals t
Adaptions in Ectothermic and Endothermic animals to extreme climates First of all we need to understand what ectothermic and endothermic animals are. Animals differ in their abilities to regulate body temperature (thermoregulation). We sometimes use the terms cold-blooded or warm-blooded. Most reptiles feel cold to the touch, while mammals and birds often feel warm. Somewhat more precise descriptions can be made by using the terms poikilothermic and homoiothermic. The body temperature of po
Until recently, people with ADD were considered st
Until recently, people with ADD were considered st
ADD Until recently, people with ADD were considered stupid and in some cases un-teachable. Famous people including Newton, Leonardo da Vinci and Einstein have been suspected of having ADD or ADHD. ADD is a little-understood but surprisingly common brain imbalance. The disorder is genetic, according to some researchers, and it usually manifests itself first as childhood hyperactivity. But as the physical restlessness wears away during puberty, leaving mainly the attention span symptoms, the synd
Alan Turring a dedicated mathematican
Alan Turring a dedicated mathematican
Alan Turring a dedicated mathematican Alan Turing was a dedicated mathematician who devoted his lives works to developing computer knowledge, as we know it today. Alan was born in London, England on June 23, 1912. Alan soon began to attend a local school and his interest in the science fields arose. His teachers an others would try and make him concentrate on other fields such as History an English but his craving for knowledge of mathematics drove him the opposite way. Turing’s prosperous care
Albinism
Albinism
Albinism Albinism In the past, albinos were usually treated with fear or awe. They were sometimes killed at birth. Albino births were common enough in some groups not to cause any excitement. For example, among the San Blas Indians of Panama, one in approximately 130 births is an albino. In the mid-nineteenth century, albinos were exhibited in sideshows. Whole families were displayed at times and were described as a unique race of might people. They were said to live underground and to come out
Altering the Face of Science
Altering the Face of Science
Altering the Face of Science Science is a creature that continues to evolve at a much higher rate than the beings that gave it birth. The transformation time from tree shrew, to ape, to human far exceeds the time from analytical engine, to calculator, to computer. But science, in the past, has always remained distant. It has allowed for advances in production, transportation, and even entertainment, but never in history will science be able to so deeply affect our lives, as genetic engineering
Alternative medicines
Alternative medicines
alternative medicines Modern medicine is in a period of profound change. Everyday, more and more ideas from other cultures are being transferred and integrated into our society. Many treatments that people are now familiar with have come from other traditions. Aspirin and quinine are two familiar examples of treatments that have been “westernized” by science. Alternative medical traditions will not replace western medicine, but instead are adding a new dimension of treatment that will only stre
Animal Testing
Animal Testing
Animal Testing Animal testing is not a new thing. For many centuries scientists and testers in research have used animals of all kinds. Most of the animals are small ones like rodents - rats, mice, hamsters and gerbils. Some dogs, cats and a variety of goats, monkeys and rabbits have also been used. The animal rights issue is an emotional one. For decades the value of animal research has been grossly overrated. Although researchers claim that they depend on animal test data to achieve medical a
Animals in Scientific Research
Animals in Scientific Research
Animals in Scientific Research Animal testing has been going on since the late nineteenth century. Over the years, billions of animals have been killed from experiments, but the amount of animals tested on has fallen 50% since 1968 and in 1998 reached a 40 year low of only 2.66 million procedures. With that much of a decline, I can’t imagine how many animals were once used and for what purposes. Even with the 50% decline, the number of animals sacrificed for medical and biomedical ends in the U
Applying Staining Techniques to View and Identify
Applying Staining Techniques to View and Identify
Applying Staining Techniques to View and Identify Bacteria Abstract The main objective of this lab was to identify different bacteria by simple, negative, and gram staining. To view each bacteria cell, the bacteria was transferred aseptically to a slide, and they were then viewed by using oil immersion, by a light microscope. From this lab, it was determined that E. coli and B. megaterium are gram negative and B. subtilis and S. Marcesans are gram positive. Introduction The purpose of this lab
Benefits Of Space Exploration
Benefits Of Space Exploration
Benefits Of Space Exploration Outline I. Introduction A. Critics point to waste and lack of direct impact on individuals II. Benefits A. Environmental 1. Ocean example 2. Ozone depletion a. TOMS and phase-out of harmful chemicals b. Anarctic hole in the ozone layer B. Medical 1. MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) a. Diagnoses b. Phase-out of exploratory surgery 2. Telemedicine 3. Digital breast Biopsy system C. Consumer and other products 1. Robotics 2. Cable television industry 3. Teflon a. Cook
BF Skinner
BF Skinner
BF Skinner B.F. Skinner On March 20, 1904, a man known as B.F. Skinner was born in Susquehanna, Pennsylvania (Encarta 95). His real name was Burrhus Fredric, but he signed his name as B.F. since he was at the tender age of nine (World Authors 764). Skinner accomplished many things in his lifetime. He wrote several books, all about psychology. B.F. Skinner was the first child of William A. and Grace Burrhus Skinner (World Authors 764). His father was a successful lawyer who wrote a legal standar
BIO BOOK REVIEW
BIO BOOK REVIEW
BIO BOOK REVIEW Book Review Genome: The Autobiography of A Species in 23 Chapters by Matt Ridley is an interesting book. It is written in a style that is very casual and very understandable. If someone who knew nothing about genetics or biology were to read this book, they would find it very interesting and informative. Ridley uses basic scientific terms so as not to confuse the average reader. Ridley, who has a Ph.D. in zoology, is a big supporter of the Darwinian view of the world. He views t
Biochemistry lab
Biochemistry lab
Biochemistry lab I. Introduction In this experiment, lipids from ground nutmeg are extracted using a combination of solvents and identify the lipids through chromatography. The purpose of using solvent combinations is to elute the lipids based on their polarity to binding of the silica gel. The chromatography is performed on a silica gel plate and the use of iodine to visualize the lipids. By calculating the Rf values for each compound and comparing them to the known lipids, we are able to dist
Biology
Biology
Biology Every organism at one time or another has to learn to adapt to a new environment. This is why evolution of organism is needed in order to survive changes to its environment, such as the case of the flightless birds. For one reason or another over a period of 100,000 years the need for wings was unnecessary to their survival. There could be many reasons why the birds evolved to be more adaptable to their environment. A small population of birds would have to replenish and start a new pop
Biology
Biology
Biology Every organism at one time or another has to learn to adapt to a new environment. This is why evolution of organism is needed in order to survive changes to its environment, such as the case of the flightless birds. For one reason or another over a period of 100,000 years the need for wings was unnecessary to their survival. There could be many reasons why the birds evolved to be more adaptable to their environment. A small population of birds would have to replenish and start a new pop
Biomes of The World
Biomes of The World
Biomes of The World A biome, also known as life zones, consists of all plants, animals, and other organisms, as well the physical environment in a particular area. A biome is characterized by its’ plant life, climate, and location. The climate and physical features determine the boundaries of a biome. A biome is made up of many different ecosystems. The ecosystems tend to have the same pants and animals as neighboring biomes around the boundaries. The major biomes are the tundra, taiga, tropica
Bone
Bone
Bone BONE The skeletal system includes the osseous tissues of the body and the connective tissues that stabilize or interconnect the individual bones. The bone is a dynamic tissue. Throughout the lifespan, bone adjusts to the physiologic and mechanical demands placed on it by the processes of growth and remodeling. Bone serves the organism at multiple levels: As a system, bones permit the organism to locomote effectively and to maintain posture by bearing loads without deformation, by providing
Cell death
Cell death
cell death Programmed cell death, including apoptosis, is gene-directed. The word comes from two Greek words, apo- and ptosis-, and the p is silent, declares Jonathan C. Busser, a researcher in the department of neurology and neurosurgery at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine. Apo means separate from and ptosis means fall from--a description of cells that naturally, and without any inflammatory fanfare, die as part of normal development, he explains. The steps of apopt
Cells
Cells
Cells My brother was studying for his biology test. The next morning he was telling me about the dream he had. He said he traveled through a cell. I started to call him insane. My brother have an educational dream? I thought to myself, impossible. My brother started to tell me his crazy dream. The first place he came upon was the cell wall. He was trying to find a way out. He said he started to talk to the cell wall. He asked the cell wall the way out. The cell wall said to him “How should I kn
Chaos theory
Chaos theory
chaos theory Where Chaos begins, classical science ends. Ever since physicists have inquired into the laws of nature, the have not begun to explore irregular side of nature, the erratic and discontinuous side, that have always puzzled scientists. They did not attempt to understand disorder in the atmosphere, the turbulent sea, the oscillations of the heart and brain, and the fluctuations of wildlife populations. All of these things were taken for granted until in the 1970\'s some American and E
Chaos Theory Explained
Chaos Theory Explained
Chaos Theory Explained The Stability of our universe in the face of Chaos “Traditionally, scientists have looked for the simplest view of the world around us. Now, mathematics and computer powers have produced a theory that helps researchers to understand the complexities of nature. The theory of chaos touches all disciplines.” -Ian Percival, The Essence of Chaos Part I: The Basics of Chaos. Watch a leaf flow down stream; watch its behavior within the water… Perhaps it will sit upon the surface
Chaos theory
Chaos theory
chaos theory Where Chaos begins, classical science ends. Ever since physicists have inquired into the laws of nature, the have not begun to explore irregular side of nature, the erratic and discontinuous side, that have always puzzled scientists. They did not attempt to understand disorder in the atmosphere, the turbulent sea, the oscillations of the heart and brain, and the fluctuations of wildlife populations. All of these things were taken for granted until in the 1970\'s some American and E
Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin Darwin collected and described thousands of animals and plants. In South America he observed the adaptations of organisms to a variety of habitat from jungle to grassland to mountain habitats. In the temperate regions the species resembled more closely the species of the tropical regions of South America rather than the corresponding species of the temperate regions of Europe. For example, in the grasslands of Argentina there are no rabbits, however, there are rodents that resemb
Chromosome Probes
Chromosome Probes
Chromosome Probes Chromosome Probes Sensitive chromosome probes recently discovered by a University of Toronto geneticist will make it easier to detect certain types of genetic and prenatal diseases, as well as being used to determine paternity and provide forensic evidence in criminal cases. Probes are short pieces of DNA which bind to, and actually pinpoint, particular sites on a chromosome. Because these new probes are actually repeated hundreds or thousands of time at a particular site, the
Cichlids
Cichlids
Cichlids It is an ecosystem with many names. It has been called Darwin\'s dreampond because it holds a population of the tropical cichlids fish that has shown immense signs of evolution and adaptation over the past 12,000 years. Some may call it, the ultimate biology project. It, unfortunately, has even been called the sick giant as of late, because of the increasing number of pollutants and other factors that threaten its well- being. Central Africa\'s Lake Victoria has a huge impact on
Classification
Classification
Classification Classification Classification in biology, is the identification, naming, and grouping of organisms into a formal system. The vast numbers of living forms are named and arranged in an orderly manner so that biologists all over the world can be sure they know the exact organism that is being examined and discussed. Groups of organisms must be defined by the selection of important characteristics, or shared traits, that make the members of each group similar to one another and unlik
Cloning
Cloning
cloning Shortly after the announcement that British scientists had successfully cloned a sheep, Dolly, cloning humans has recently become a possibility that seems much more feasible in today\'s society. The word clone has been applied to cells as well as to organisms, so that a group of cells stemming from a single cell is also called a clone. Usually the members of a clone are identical in their inherited characteristics that is, in their genes except for any differences caused by mutation. Id
Cloning Mammals Are Humans Next
Cloning Mammals Are Humans Next
Cloning Mammals Are Humans Next Cloning has been going on in the natural world for thousands of years. A clone is simply one living thing made from another, leading to two organisms with the same set of genes. In that sense, identical twins are clones, because they have identical DNA. Sometimes, plants are self-pollinated, producing seeds and eventually more plants with the same genetic code. When earthworms are cut in half, they regenerate the missing parts of their bodies, leading to two worm
Cloning
Cloning
cloning Shortly after the announcement that British scientists had successfully cloned a sheep, Dolly, cloning humans has recently become a possibility that seems much more feasible in today\'s society. The word clone has been applied to cells as well as to organisms, so that a group of cells stemming from a single cell is also called a clone. Usually the members of a clone are identical in their inherited characteristics that is, in their genes except for any differences caused by mutation. Id