European History Page 6

Black Legend
Black Legend
Black Legend “BLACK LEGEND” William of Orange once stated, “Spain committed such horrible excesses that all the barbarities, cruelties, and tyrannies ever perpetrated before are only games in comparison to what happened to the poor Indians.” This statement can be viewed in several different ways: truthful, hypocritical, harsh…the list goes on. William was correct in his statement except for the first word, “Spain.” Even though Spain did commit horrible offenses against the Indians, William of Or
Bolivian Tin Mining
Bolivian Tin Mining
Bolivian Tin Mining Bolivia has a long history as a mining country. During the Colonial period, the Cerro Ricco de Potosi mine enriched the Spanish Empire with the enormous quantities of silver it produced for over four hundred years. And throughout the years of tin was often found along side the silver being mined. At the tail end of Colonial silver mining, large quantity of tin was discarded as waste. In 1865 the price of silver began declining in response to several factors; rich deposits wer
Brazilian hatiian slavery
Brazilian hatiian slavery
brazilian hatiian slavery The European colonies in the Americas were built upon the backs of the African slaves whose unpaid labor produced immense capital for Atlantic economies. Taken from their African homelands and thrust into the Americas, Black slaves labored under the hot Western sun to produce cash crops to add to the coffers of others. The slaves had no economic incentive to produce for their masters. To provide the necessary motivation, the slave masters relied above all on violence to
British East India Company
British East India Company
British East India Company British East India Company The British East India Company was the main source of trade between the east and Britain for more that 200 years. I chose to do my research paper on the British east India Company. The British east India Company was the most important of the various East India companies; this company was a major force in the history of India for more than 200 years. Queen Elizabeth I granted the original charter on December 31, 1600, under the title of The G
Broken Spears
Broken Spears
Broken Spears The author argues that the Spanish were completely at fault for the total destruction of the Aztec Empire. In Broken spears, the author explains how many factors other than Spanish power contributed to the downfall of the Aztecs. Not only did the Spanish have many advantages over the Aztecs, but also they also exploited them and took advantage of the cultural difference. The main key aspects to the Spanish victory, is that the Spanish were viewed as gods at first because of their a
Bubonic plague
Bubonic plague
bubonic plague Bubonic Plague Just mention the name and you will send shivers down the spine of many people. There is no doubt that this disease was deadly. Deadly and gruesome to watch. The death rate was 90% for those exposed to the bacterium. It was transmitted by the fleas from infected Old English black rats. The symptoms were clear: swollen lymph nodes (buboes, hence the name), high fever, and delirium. In the worst case, the lungs became infected and the pneumonic form was spread from per
Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire The greatest of medieval civilizations was the Eastern Roman Empire. The Roman Empire was divided in 395. The Western half, ruled from Rome, was ruled by the barbarians in the 5th century. The Eastern half, known as the Byzantine Empire, lasted for more than over 1,000 years. The Byzantine Empire was one of the leading civilizations in the world. In 324, Constantine, the first Christian emperor, became the single ruler of the Roman Empire. He set up his Eastern headquarters at t
Canadian Fur Trade
Canadian Fur Trade
Canadian Fur Trade The Fur Trade in Canada is a huge part of our history and has played a big role in shaping us as a country. There are many aspects of the Fur Trade that must be looked at to see how Canada has been shaped economically and politically in the past and present. The Fur Trade has also affected the lives of people who lived during the Fur Trade as well as people today through the way capital has been controlled and distributed within society. We must look at the many aspects of the
Canadian Fur Trade1
Canadian Fur Trade1
Canadian Fur Trade1 The Canadian fur trade, which grew out of the fishing industry, began as a small business, but would expand and become not only the exploiter of a primary Canadian resource, but the industry around which the country of Canada itself developed. The fur trade started shortly after the discovery of the Grand Banks off the coast of Newfoundland. The fishermen who fished there were the first people who traded furs with the Indians; this trade was a secondary means of profit for th
Capitalism
Capitalism
Capitalism Capitalism is can be simply defined as an economic system, marked by open competition in a free market, in which the means of production and distribution are privately or corporately owned and development is proportionate to increasing accumulation and reinvestment of profits. However, capitalism tends to incorporate a certain way of thinking, driven by greed, the search for ever-increasing profits, worldwide expansion, and internal development. Starting from the earliest origins of
Caravans of Gold
Caravans of Gold
Caravans of Gold MIGHTY PEOPLE OF COLOR: An Essay on Caravans of Gold and Africa: A History Denied A powerful and peaceful land of trade and scholarship was established in Africa long before European ships even landed there. Great African Empires flourished from the wealth of Africas natural resources that marked its rich and lavish history. Though Europeans and Arabs, people who most benefited from the wealth of Africa, denied Africa its legacy, the magnificence of people of color is embed
Catherin the great
Catherin the great
Catherin the great Catherine the Great: Empress of Russia, (1762-1796) History 120, Section 4 Russell Smith Dr. Homer December 2, 1999 One of the most interesting, hard-working and powerful people to grace the pages of history during the eighteenth century was Catherine II, Empress of Russia. Historians have not always been so kind to her memory, and all too often one reads accounts of her private life, ignoring her many achievements. The stories of her love affairs have been overly misinterpret
Catherine II
Catherine II
Catherine II Catherine II Catherine II, or Catherine the Great, empress of all Russia, did much to continue the process of Westernization reforms began by Peter the Great. Catherine was devoted to art, literature, science, and politics. Many people say she had a great gift and was a great leader, thus she was awarded with the name “the Great” She helped develop schools, hospitals, and many other organizations for the country. She was a shrewd leader and autocrat and helped to continue and furthe
Causes of the great depression
Causes of the great depression
Causes of the great depression Causes of The Great Depression The Great Depression was the worst economic slump ever in U.S.history,and one which spread to virtually all of the industrialized world. The depression began in late 1929 and lasted for about a decade. Many factors played a role in bringing about the depression; however, the main cause for the Great Depression was the combination of the greatly unequal distribution of wealth throughout the 1920\'s, and the extensive stock market specu
Causes of the Russian Revolution
Causes of the Russian Revolution
Causes of the Russian Revolution Causes of the Russian Revolution The Russian revolution was caused by the continual breakdown of the governments in Russia and the incompetency and authoritarian views of it\'s czars. Their failures as leaders included policies that neither pleased nor benefitted the people. By the end of the nineteenth century, Russia\'s economy, government, military, and social organization was at an extreme decline. Russia had become the least advanced of the major European na
Causes of World War I
Causes of World War I
Causes of World War I On August 1, 1914 one of the world’s greatest tragedies took place. In Harry F. Young’s article entitled, the Misunderstanding of August 1, 1914, Young tries to make sense of the days that took place before the Great War began. In his twenty-one-page article, Young uses many sources to explain the story that had so many twists and turns. The following is an essay examining the work of Harry Young and what really went on August 1, 1914. The main question that the author asks
Central America
Central America
Central America CENTRAL AMERICA At the time of the discovery of Central America by Christopher Columbus in 1502, highly civilized Maya and Nahua Indians inhabited the westernmost part of the isthmus. The impressive ruins of Tikal in Guatemala, Copan in Honduras, and Tazumal in El Salvador are relics of that civilization. Panama and most of Costa Rica were occupied by less civilized societies that shared cultural characteristics with the Indians of northern South America. Within 25 years of the d
Chronology
Chronology
Chronology Semion Bolotin IB HL HISTORY Chronology of Main Dates 428 B.C. World’s first democracy in Athens, Greece 300 B.C. Rome managed to defeat Carthage for the second time and gain dominance in Mediterranean. 989 Church council began to implement “Peace of God” Movement. 1017 “Truth of God” prohibited fighting from Saturday afternoon till Monday 1054 Church came forth with the statement “a Christian who slays another Christian sheds the blood of Christ’ 1200 King Richard of England ordered
Civil War Turning Points
Civil War Turning Points
Civil War Turning Points CIVIL WAR (A discussion of the turning points and major events) In this paper I shall discuss four points concerning the civil war in detail. The first issue addressed will be Professor McPherson’s arguments in the text Ordeal by Fire and whether Antietam and Emancipation, Gettysburg, Vicksburg, and Chattanooga, represent the three critical turning points in the Civil War. Second, I will rank the three points from greatest to least in terms of their importance on the Civ
Civil War Turning Points
Civil War Turning Points
Civil War Turning Points CIVIL WAR (A discussion of the turning points and major events) In this paper I shall discuss four points concerning the civil war in detail. The first issue addressed will be Professor McPherson’s arguments in the text Ordeal by Fire and whether Antietam and Emancipation, Gettysburg, Vicksburg, and Chattanooga, represent the three critical turning points in the Civil War. Second, I will rank the three points from greatest to least in terms of their importance on the Civ
Cold War3
Cold War3
Cold War3 After World War II, a struggle between the Communist nations and the democratic nations occurred which is known as the Cold War. The United States had a policy set up that clearly stated that any nation invaded by a communist country would have the assistance of the United States Government in controlling Communism expansion. This theory was known as containment. Containment was used throughout the Cold War, and the policy appeared to be a success by stopping communist Russia. Was the
Collapse of the USSR
Collapse of the USSR
Collapse of the USSR The causes and reasons for the decline and ultimate collapse of the Soviet Union are many and of a vastly varying nature. Yet, despite the various schools of thought on this issue, these causes can generally be placed into two differing scopes, those being the domestic and international arenas. Much emphasis is placed on the role that international factors played in the demise of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). But particular domestic factors that the Soviet
ColumbusFriend or Foe
ColumbusFriend or Foe
ColumbusFriend or Foe Explore, discover and develop or seek, destroy and conquer. Almost everyone recognizes the name Christopher Columbus and understands what his role was in changing the views, lifestyles, politics, and geography of the fifteenth century modern world. Christopher Columbus discovered a world known to no European, African or Asian. He discovered the “New World”, the Americas. However, is today’s society aware of the consequences, which came with this newfound world or are they b
Coming to the New World
Coming to the New World
Coming to the New World Coming to the New World was a major advancement in the lives of many Spanish, French, and English people between the years of 1942-1629. The migration effected the lives dramatically. They will come to see that in the coming years almost everything will change from religion to their types of settlement. The role of religion was very important, for it had an immense power over the European society. Christianity converted all of Europe including the Spanish, French, and Eng
Compare and Contrast the Tudor and Stuart Dynastie
Compare and Contrast the Tudor and Stuart Dynastie
Compare and Contrast the Tudor and Stuart Dynasties Throughout history, dynasties, or a series of rulers who belong to the same family, have come and gone. No two are exactly alike. They all have similarities and differences when compared to each other. The Stuart and Tudor dynasties are no exception to the rule. Each had different views on how to rule. An example of a ruling style would be divine right. When a king or queen is said to rule by divine right, it means they believe god chose them t
Comparison Hitler and Stalin
Comparison Hitler and Stalin
comparison Hitler and Stalin Hitler and Stalin: Ideas or Personality Adolf Hitler (1889-1945), who ruled Germany from 1923 to his death, began the war in 1939 that resulted in the deaths of 40 million people. More than six million of these were European Jews and other systematically exterminated in what we call the Holocaust. Joseph Stalin (1879-1953), sole ruler of the Soviet Union from 1929 to his death, forced millions of peasants off their private land and into large, inefficient, state-run
Conquerors
Conquerors
Conquerors In this paper I am going to compare and contrast the lives of Hernando Cortes and Charlemagne. The common point I am going to prove in my paper is that they were both men who had other roles to play, besides conquering lands, but at the end of their time their most influential task was the expansion of their kingdoms for their respected regions, and they also defeated many strong empires to do so. Charlemagne or in Latin Carolus Magnus which means Charles the Great (Encarta, Charlemag
Conquest of mexico
Conquest of mexico
Conquest of mexico The Aztecs Account of the Conquest of Mexico Is Hernan Cortez Guilty of violating International Laws? The discovery of the New World was part of the remarkable European expansion. This expansion was possible due to the European\'s technical skills in navigation, their economic status in maritime and military enterprise, their interest in spreading Christianity and their determination to gain new lands and wealth. The Spaniards reached the New World in a conquest spirit. Spai
Crusades
Crusades
Crusades The Crusades Word Count: 1,980 Introduction In the year of our lord 1095, Pope Urban II started what we know as the Holy Wars or the Crusades. Over the period from 1095-1464, a series of military expeditions were fought to take back the Holy Land, Jerusalem, from the Seldjuk Turks. There were eight crusades which were spurred for many different reasons by many different people that left a lasting effect to the world. These years of bloodshed were led by men of power to bring money, gree
Crusades
Crusades
Crusades The Crusades Word Count: 1,980 Introduction In the year of our lord 1095, Pope Urban II started what we know as the Holy Wars or the Crusades. Over the period from 1095-1464, a series of military expeditions were fought to take back the Holy Land, Jerusalem, from the Seldjuk Turks. There were eight crusades which were spurred for many different reasons by many different people that left a lasting effect to the world. These years of bloodshed were led by men of power to bring money, gree
Cuban history
Cuban history
cuban history History of Cuba Christopher Columbus landed on the island of Cuba on October 28, 1492, during his initial westward voyage. In honor of the daughter of Ferdinand V and Isabella I of Spain, his benefactors, Columbus named it Juana, the first of several names he successively applied to the island. It eventually became known as Cuba, from its aboriginal name, Cubanascnan. Colonization by Spain When Columbus first landed on Cuba it was inhabited by the Ciboney, a friendly tribe related
Current Events in Brazil
Current Events in Brazil
Current Events in Brazil The population in Brazil consists of 144 million people. Brazil is one of the fastest-growing nations in the Western Hemisphere. Its population is increasing at the rate of about 2 % a year. The constitution of Brazil gives the president tremendous powers. For example, the president may intervene in affairs of Brazil\'s states. The chief executive may even create new states from existing ones. Brazil has three main ethnic groups-whites, blacks, and people of mixed ancest
Darius I The Great Reign
Darius I The Great Reign
Darius I The Great Reign Darius I “The Great Reign” Arrogant, powerful, wise, heroic, conqueror, and a superior leader are a few words that describe Darius’s I reign and the life that he lived. Darius I is one of the greatest leaders of any nation to ever live. Darius was always well dressed; he was clearly distinguishable from others by his gold scepter, long square beard, fancy jewelry, and a high flat-topped tiara. He wore robes of purple embroidered in gold, fine crimson trousers, and boots.
Despondency
Despondency
Despondency Despondency The Great Depression was the worst economic slump ever in U.S. history, and one which spread to virtually all of the industrialized world. The depression began in late 1929 and lasted for about a decade. Many factors played a role in bringing about the depression; however, the main cause for the Great Depression was the combination of the greatly unequal distribution of wealth throughout the 1920\'s, and the extensive stock market speculation that took place during that s
Dwigh D Eisenhower
Dwigh D Eisenhower
Dwigh D Eisenhower Among the chaotic events that occurred, World War II, in itself, produced a great array of military leaders, political figures, and government officials. Dwight David Eisenhower was one of the few who was triumphant at all three. “Ike was an indifferent student, he came to preside over a great university; almost denied a commission as second lieutenant in the U.S. Army, he commanded the mightiest invasion force in history; son of a bankrupt, he became the president of the Unit
Eamon de Valera
Eamon de Valera
Eamon de Valera Eamon de Valera, although born in New York City, in the United States of America, devoted his life to help the people of Ireland. As he once said it, “If I wish to know what the Irish want, I look into my own heart.” De Valera loved Ireland and its people with a deep and lasting passion. It was he, probably more than any other person in their history, who helped that country win freedom from British rule and then shaped its history well into the twentieth century. De Valera’s mot
Earley North America
Earley North America
Earley North America In the early 16th century, the European super powers, England, France and Spain decided to broaden their horizons. All three set sail in an attempt to further their power. But when they reached the shores of what is now known as Canada and Mexico what would they find? Would they find a land all ready occupied by a new and distinctly fascinating society? No, they found a land for the taking. These European settlers gave no regard to the native populations whom already occ
Early Civilizations1
Early Civilizations1
Early Civilizations1 EARLY CIVILIZATIONS AND THE DAWN OF THE MEDIEVAL AGE 1.0 Introduction History is an account of mans achievements during the last five thousand years. Though man has been on this planet for about 500,000 years, history only covers a part of this period. The reason for this is that history is essentially based on written documents However the art of writing become known to man, only after 3000 B. C. 1.1 History : Meaning and Importance The word history is derived from the G
Early History of the Celts
Early History of the Celts
Early History of the Celts INTRODUCTION The Ancient Celts were not an illiterate people, but they transferred their knowledge orally. They had an alphabet of twenty letters called Ogham. Each letter was named after a tree from the land where they lived. Ogham was used on standing stones, primarily on graves and boundary markers. The primary sources of information about the Celts are, in that light, the texts written by the Romans who were in touch with them and Christian monks, who lived in Iris
Education in the 1800s
Education in the 1800s
Education in the 1800s Education had an emphasis on many different aspects during the time prior to the Civil War. There was a certain irony that set the mode of this time making things that were said irrelevant to the actions that were taken. The paradoxes of education in Pre civil war America, are evidenced in subject matter, gender, class and race, as well as purpose. American education developed from European intellectual traditions and institutions transplanted to the new world and modified
Effect of the railroads on the United states
Effect of the railroads on the United states
Effect of the railroads on the United states There were numerous revolutionary inventions that contributed to the giant leap made by some nations during the Industrial Revolution. From inventions in the textile industry to inventions in transportation, these many innovations played a central role in the rise of the industrial nations. Among the significant inventions that contributed foremost to the rise of nations such as the United States, the railroad stands out. The railway system originated
Elizabeth Peabody
Elizabeth Peabody
Elizabeth Peabody Teacher and educational reformer, founder of the kindergarten in America, abolitionist, opponent of European autocratic despotism, friend of political refugees, advocate of Native American rights and education, of woman\'s suffrage, and of world peace, Miss Peabody worked unceasingly toward the improvement of society. In the 1840s, she ran a circulating library and bookstore at 13 West Street in Boston, providing the Transcendentalists (see previous article on Transcendentalism
Europe
Europe
europe After 1500 there were many signs that a new age of world history was beginning, for example the discovery of America and the first European enterprises in Asia. This ³new age² was dominated by the astonishing success of one civilization among many, that of Europe. There was more and more continuous interconnection between events in all countries, but it is to be explained by European efforts. Europeans eventually became ³masters of the globe² and they used their mastery to make the world
Expansion of Religion in Conquest
Expansion of Religion in Conquest
Expansion of Religion in Conquest When studying history, both in a professional and academic sense, we try to make connections between civilizations and time periods. Historians have attempted to discover universal constants of human nature, a bond that forms from continent to continent, human being to human being. Is there a constant quality that all peoples posses, and is reflected in all civilizations? Indeed, it is extremely difficult to make generalizations about centuries of modern history
Fascisms in Germany and Italy
Fascisms in Germany and Italy
Fascisms in Germany and Italy Oliver Bleich Mrs. Howell Modern European History 5/22/00 Fascism in Germany and Italy Germany and Italy rose up under new leaders with a new type of governing policy. However, the same policies that caused growth lead to eventual collapse of these nations. Fascism grew because of extreme nationalism, fear, and governmental control. It failed due to absolute power by one man, its own aggressive nature, and lack of organization. Hitler’s rise to power can be credited
Foundation of nation
Foundation of nation
foundation of nation Formation of Nation A formation of nation occurs when a state has a unified administrative reach over the territory over which its sovereignty is claimed. The development of a plurality of nations is basic to the centralization and administrative expansion of state domination internally. Therefore the nation-state, which exists in a complex of other nation-states, is a set of institutional forms of governance maintaining an administrative monopoly over an economic, political
France Military
France Military
France Military In 1783 a French foreign office report stated that if France continued down its long line of defeat after defeat, it would soon become a power of secondary rank limited to Continental Europe. Indeed, France in the years before the revolution could be considered a failure in war and all things having to do with the military. In 1763 The Seven Years War ended, depriving France of much of its colonial holdings in Canada and India. On the continent, the war saw an inferior Prussia
Fredrick Douglass2
Fredrick Douglass2
Fredrick Douglass2 Frederick Douglass Abolitionist/Editor A biography of the life of Frederick Douglass by Sandra Thomas -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Frederick Douglass was one of the foremost leaders of the abolitionist movement, which fought to end slavery within the United States in the decades prior to the Civil War. A brilliant speaker, Douglass was asked by the American Anti-Slavery Society to engage in a tour of lectures, and so became
French Canadians in NE
French Canadians in NE
French Canadians in NE French Canadians & The Blackstone Valley John J. Barron Ethnicity in Massachusetts Wed. 12:30 The French have a lengthy history on this continent. The French became interested in the New World in 1524 when King Francois I sought wealth for his European domain (Brown 19). Expeditions were underwritten by the crown. It was eager to compete with other European powers in search for riches. Included in the early voyages were trips by Frenchman Jacques Cartier. Cartier discove
French History of the 19th century
French History of the 19th century
French History of the 19th century There were numerous events at the turn of the nineteenth century. They can be best characterized as the French Revolution, Napoleon’s reign, and the Congress of Vienna. The French Revolution consisted of the numerous revolts of the Third Estate against the monarch, Louis XVI. Napoleon’s reign consisted of numerous conquests, totaling in most of Europe, and ending in a few tragic errors and miscalculations on his part that would cause him the throne. The Congres