Foreign Languages Page 9

Are Most of The Errors Which EFL Learners Make Due to Interference from Their L1? Introduction It is commonly assumed that where there are differences between L1 and L2, the learner\'s L1 will probably interfere with the L2 (negative language transfer), whereas, when L1 and L2 are similar, the L2 will assist the L2 learning (positive language transfer) (Ellis, 1994). Therefore, we tend to believe that most of the errors are account of negative transfer. This is partly true according to many empi
global marketing a. In today\'s interconnected global economy, the question of whether or not to export seems academic. It nevertheless demands asking due to the substantial risk and resources called for in expanding sales internationally. Pursuing export markets is recommended in a number of situations: demonstrated international demand for your products higher international prices for your manufactured goods moderate or slow domestic market growth with strong, unsaturated or growing markets ab
Architectural Engineer Architectural Engineer Dee Nevels Honor\'s English III Mrs. Karen Dunaway February 21, 2000 Architectural Engineer An architectural engineer designs structures such as houses, skyscrapers, and bridges based on his knowledge of materials and how they handle forces. I. Introduction A. History B. Definition II. Education A. Suggested high school education 1. General subjects 2. Types of people B. College C. Post-College 1. Internship 2. Becoming registered III. Employment A.
The Red Tent (all You Need To Literary Analysis: The Red Tent The author and her times Anita Diamant, author of the historic fiction novel, The Red Tent, is a devout Jewish-American living in Newtonville, Massachusetts with her husband and daughter, Emilia. She has written five books about contemporary Jewish life, The Red Tent being her first novel. Diamant may have been influenced by the recent resurgence of creating Midrashim, or stories that attempt to explain the Torah by examining its subt
The Magyars The Magyars The Medieval Period in European History saw several waves of barbarians which helped shape the face of European society. The nomadic tribes of people that lived a migratory life, while other groups were founding civilizations with permanent living centers, are today referred to as barbarians. Two great empires, the Chinese and the Roman, ruled on the extreme edges of the enormous Eurasian continent and were separated by vast distances.1 The people that existed between t
a late case of Glossotomy GLOSSOTOMY IN MACEDONIA The split of a language into two is something which the greatest fantasts in the world have not dared do. Our scholars, however, did it for political, rather than linguistic considerations. Leonida Lari, Romanian writer from Moldova, (Literatura si arta a 18.8.1988) There are quite a few European languages spoken outside their own country: for instance German in Germany, but also in Austria, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Luxemburg, Denmark, Belgium
sauda Saudi Arabia I INTRODUCTION Saudi Arabia, monarchy in southwestern Asia, occupying most of the Arabian Peninsula. Saudi Arabia is a land of vast deserts and little rainfall. Huge deposits of oil and natural gas lie beneath the country\'s surface. Saudi Arabia was a relatively poor nation before the discovery and exploitation of oil, but since the 1950s income from oil has made the country wealthy. The religion of Islam developed in the 7th century in what is now Saudi Arabia. The Kingdom o
Bilingual Education By: Robert E-mail: [email protected] Bilingual Education = Unilingual Education Bilingual education in America is a sound idea, but it is not truly bilingual education, it is only bilingual for those who do not already speak English. America is a country with more and more cultures mixing together with different areas of America speaking different languages. In California, Spanish is the dominant language next to English, and in states such as Maine, French is spoken. Ot
Oman Oman is a small country located in the northeast by the gulf of Oman and southeast by the Arabian Sea, southeast by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. The capitol of this country is Muscat. Oman covers an area of about 119,500 sq mi. Oman borders Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and the United Arab Emirates. The Oman government, from what I have read, is ran by a sultan and seems to be somewhat democratic. The population is overwhelmingly Arab, but significant minorities of Indians, Pakistanis,
Immigration is good for US Immigration America is known famously throughout the world with the nickname The melting pot. The reason behind this is that America is extremely diverse and has many different people. Immigrants give America the chance to know the culture of many countries. They bring in their culture, religion, economic benefits, and ideology to America. I believe that the United States should allow legal immigrants from all over the world because they bring many benefits to it. Im
Canada- Facts And Figures Education in Canada Education has two main goals: to give individuals the opportunity to develop themselves, and to provide society with the skills it needs to evolve in its best interests. Canada\'s educational system is based on finding a coordinated approach to the pursuit of these sometimes conflicting goals. Comprehensive, diversified, and available to everyone, the system reflects the Canadian belief in the importance of education. Education in Canada consists of
Diversity Abraham Lincoln once said, The strongest bond of human sympathy outside the family relation should be one uniting working people of all nations and tongues and kindreds. For an organization to work well it has to have a diversity of people, good communication with all the employees, and to be organized in a way that is effective and efficient to function properly. I currently work at the Turlock Junior High School (TJHS). It is an organization that is composed of the administrative s
Telecom Technology 1.0 Executive Summary Over the last four years, OSS Telecom Technology, a well respected $300 million steel conglomerate, has built up significant interests in the telecom sector ranging from wireless and paging services to billing software. OSS Telecom Technology Taiwan, was formed in Taiwan in 1994 to pursue opportunities in the Operations Support Systems (OSS) telecom software market, with a particular focus on customer care and billing software solutions (CCB systems). Sin
Mexico Mexico Mexico was the site of some of the earliest and most advanced civilizations in the western hemisphere. The Mayan culture, according to archaeological research, attained its greatest development about the 6th century AD. Another group, the Toltec, established an empire in the Valley of Mexico and developed a great civilization still evidenced by the ruins of magnificent buildings and monuments. The leading tribe, the Aztec, built great cities and developed an intricate social, polit
Relational Database Model Comparing and Contrasting the Relational Database Model and OO Model The relational database model is based upon tables or relations. In this model, the physical implementation of the database is abstracted away from the user. Users query the database using a high-level query language, such as SQL. The relations are made up of columns, which have headings indicating the attribute represented by that column. Tables have key fields, which can be used to identify unique re
The Albanian Virgin ALICE MUNRO\'S THE ALBANIAN VIRGIN IN OPEN SECRETS EXEMPLIES HER CHARACTERISTIC APPROACH #9;To try to trace Alice Munro\'s narrative techniques to any particular development in the short story The Albanian Virgin would be difficult. This could be because it is simply written from careful observations as are many of her other short stories. In her short stories, it is as though she tries to transform a common, ordinary world into something that is unsettling and mysterious as
Foundation Foundation I believe that all children should have a strong foundation in Ethnicity because ethnicity plays a role in everyone\'s life. You can\'t avoid ethnicity, no matter where you go. Ethnicity is not just race, but religious beliefs and other ways of life too. That is why I believe that you can\'t avoid it. Children should be introduced to this foundation early in life because the earlier they learn, the more accepting of it they\'ll be. Also, by learning about ethnicity at an ea
The Use And Abuse Of History The Use and Abuse of History By Friedrich Nietzsche Forward Incidentally, I despise everything which merely instructs me without increasing or immediately enlivening my activity. These are Goethe\'s words. With them, as with a heartfelt expression of Ceterum censeo [I judge otherwise], our consideration of the worth and the worthlessness of history may begin. For this work is to set down why, in the spirit of Goethe\'s saying, we must seriously despise instruction wi
Ireland-the attac of the celtic tiger Developing viable regions: Ireland - the attack of the Celtic Tiger INDEX 1. Introduction......................................................................................................................... 3 2. Economic history……………………………………………………………………........ 4 2.1. Overview………………..…………………………………………………………….. 4 2.2. Reasons for the Irish success
Lolita De-victimizing Lolita: Removing Emotion from the Classroom Abstract: This paper focuses on Vladimir Nabokov\'s novel Lolita. Specifically the argument discusses the need for reform within the classroom setting regarding student reaction and interpretation to the text. Class discussion involving Lolita tends to fall under a blanket of socially constructed presumptions that lend the discussion toward a shallow and judgmental reading of the text, and this tendency limits the discussion. This
African Americans Differences in race lead to divergent levels of economic development within the United States. Analysts often try to explain this phenomenon by observing a specific ethnic group\'s tradition and cultural ideology. Economists expand their analysis on the economic behaviors of African Americans by taking into consideration personal histories and value systems of the group under study. American families measure economic status in terms of income, and factors associated with materi
The History Of Buddhism Soon after Buddha\'s death or parinirvana, five hundred monks met at the first council at Rajagrha, under the leadership of Kashyapa. Upali recited the monastic code, Vinaya, as he remembered it. Ananda, Buddha\'s cousin, friend, and favorite disciple, and a man of prodigious memory, recited Buddha\'s lessons, the Sutras. The monks debated details and voted on final versions. These were then committed to memory by other monks, to be translated into the many languages of t
The Albanian Virgin ALICE MUNRO\'S THE ALBANIAN VIRGIN IN OPEN SECRETS EXEMPLIES HER CHARACTERISTIC APPROACH #9;To try to trace Alice Munro\'s narrative techniques to any particular development in the short story The Albanian Virgin would be difficult. This could be because it is simply written from careful observations as are many of her other short stories. In her short stories, it is as though she tries to transform a common, ordinary world into something that is unsettling and mysterious as
Going Back to Archaic Greece Going Back to Archaic Greece The Amasis Painter seemed to lure me into his world while reading these works compiled by these very prolific writers. Or maybe it was the writers that brought me back to experience what they felt while studying these paintings and giving up their thoughts to question as they questioned others. In either case it has sparked my interest in this painter, and potter if you will. He combines a perfectionistic attitude with an imaginative flar
Internet Last December the express and package delivery giant announced that it had taken an equity position in NetCel360, a provider of business-to -business e-commerce solutions for companies operating in the Asia Pacific region. The investment was made through UPS\'s Strategic Enterprise Fund, established in 1997 to invest in new markets and emerging technologies. The alliance hopes to provide the sort of supply-chain transparency in Asia that is available in other parts of the world. One of
Logic and Perception Logic and Perception A human\'s ability to think constitutes the human\'s ability to live. Though life can and does go on without thought, thoughtless life would hold no meaning for most of us. Our thoughts fill our days and give meaning and purpose to our days to come. Through perception, we become aware of our environment through physical sensation (Merriam-Webster, 1997, p.546). Every single experience and observation, every smell and sound, that enters our mind through p
The Origin Of Language There has been considerable historical discourse over the nature of language. Most contend that thought and language are two interrelated criteria. Just how these criteria relate to the controversy over whether animals have language capabilities and even more specifically to the Sapir-Whorf human language thought debate, however, is not always clear. From a human context we know that language is a skill which allows us to communicate our thoughts to others and in so doing
LAOS NATION REPORT Introduction My country is Laos. It is a small, poor country in Southeast Asia. The population is about five million. It is 91,400 square miles and the officail language is Lao but french and english is only spoken for buisness purposes mainly. The currency is Kip. Human beings began living in the present territory of Laos more than 10,000 years ago. Stone tools and skulls were discovered in the Huaphan and Luang Prabang provinces. They did carbon dating on these artifacts and
Argentina Argentina is a federal republic in southern South America on the border of Bolivia and Paraguay; on the east by Brazil, Uruguay, and the Atlantic Ocean, on the south by the Atlantic Ocean and Chile, and on the west by Chile. The country is the biggest country on the south side and is triangular in shape, with the base in the north and the corner at Punta Dungeness, the southeastern tip of the continent. The length of Argentina in a northern to southern direction is about 2,070 mi.. Its
Philosophy 1 The following text was originally published in PROSPECTS: the quarterly review of education (Paris, UNESCO: International Bureau of Education), vol. 24, no. 1/2, 1994, p. 61-76. ©UNESCO: International Bureau of Education, 1999 This document may be reproduced free of charge as long as acknowledgement is made of the source. JOHN LOCKE (1632-1704) Richard Aldrich John Locke was a great educator on several counts. In an immediate sense he was himself a practitioner and publicist of goo
The English Language: Make It Official! In the beginning, this country was a melting pot. Many different people, from many different countries, of many different ethnic groups, speaking in many different tongues came to America. English arose as the predominant language of the United States. Over time, people realized the importance of staying in touch with their cultural backgrounds, including the language of their native countries. The main problem presented now lies in communication and inter
automated customer service Automated Customer Service: Advantages Outweigh Disadvantages The marketplace in the world today is more competitive than ever before. Businesses are trying to increase profits and lower operating costs. Stockholders are insisting that companies make money, thus increasing their stock portfolios. Consumers are busier than at any point in the history of man. They work longer hours and try to squeeze more extracurricular activities into their evenings. Into this arena ha
Paul A. Samuelson BIG ISSUES OF ECONOMIC CONCERN Samuelson has offered the world many economic theories. One area he is widely known for is his views on the spending multiplier. Samuelson has presented a way through his aggregate demand model to demonstrate how the spending multiplier affects individual types of spending. There are several components of aggregate demand. The basis for understanding this model is as follows: #61656; An increase in prices causes a drop in household assets, thus ca
Russia As I picked up Vodka, Tears, and Lenin\'s Angel, by Jennifer Gould, I thought that I was about to read a novel that would be boring with nothing but facts and statistics. As I began to read it, the novel became much more interesting. Jennifer Gould, a journalist, decided to go to Russia. She was there to research Russia and its culture. I would have never believed some of the situations and conversations she had with so many people. The topics that made me change my mind about Russia in g
Should You Be Able To Speak Basic English To Reside In The Us? Should You Be Able To Speak Basic English To Reside in the US? Survey question Do you fell that to reside in the U.S. you should know how to speak basic English or be enrolled in a English language class? Hypothesis I feel that most people will think that people should be able to speak our language to reside here. Maybe 90% saying you should and 10% saying you should not have to. Results Americans that felt yes they should speak the
On Empathy a href= Sam Vaknin\'s Psychology, Philosophy, Economics and Foreign Affairs Web Sites The Encyclopaedia Britannica (1999 edition) defines empathy as: The ability to imagine oneself in anther\'s place and understand the other\'s feelings, desires, ideas, and actions. It is a term coined in the early 20th century, equivalent to the German Einfühlung and modelled on sympathy. The term is used with special (but not exclusive) reference to aesthetic experi
In Flanders Fields In Flanders FieldsIn Flanders fields the poppies blow Between the crosses, row on row,That mark our place; and in the skyThe larks, still bravely singing, flyScarce heard amid the guns below.We are the Dead. Short days agoWe lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,Loved, and were loved, and now we lieIn Flanders fields.Take up our quarrel with the foe:To you from failing hands we throwThe torch; be yours to hold it high.If ye break faith with us who dieWe shall not sleep, though pop
Brazil In 1822, Brazil became a nation independent from Portugal. By far the largest and most populous country in South America, Brazil has overcome more than half a century of military government to pursue industrial and agricultural growth and development. With an abundance of natural resources and a large labor pool, Brazil became Latin America\'s leading economic power by the 1970\'s. Brazil is located in Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean. It is slightly smaller than the U.
The Great Bollywood The Great Bollywood Motion pictures have been around for a long time. They are popular all over the world. When people think of motion pictures, Hollywood always pops in their heads. As great and as popular as Hollywood is, there is a larger film industry in the world, and it\'s not in the U.S. The largest film industry in the world is called Bollywood and it is located in Bombay, India. Bollywood puts out on the average eight hundred movies a year, which means two movies are
Psychology As Storytelling a href= Sam Vaknin\'s Psychology, Philosophy, Economics and Foreign Affairs Web Sites Storytelling has been with us since the days of campfire and besieging wild animals. It served a number of important functions: amelioration of fears, communication of vital information (regarding survival tactics and the characteristics of animals, for instance), the satisfaction of a sense of order (justice), the development of the ability to hypothe
Heinrich Schliemann We could describe (Heinrich) Schliemann\'s excavations on the hill of Hissarlik and consider their results without speaking of Troy or even alluding to it, Georges Perrot wrote in 1891 in his Journal des Savants. Even then, they would have added a whole new chapter to the history of civilization, the history of art (qtd. in Duch ecirc;ne 87). Heinrich Schliemann\'s life is the stuff fairy tales are made of. A poor, uneducated, and motherless boy rises through his hard work an
Colonisation Colonisation After Christopher Columbus landed in the West Indies in 1492, Spain and Portugal started disputing areas of influence on the South American continent. The dispute was eventually settled by the Pope (Alexander VI), who in 1493, drew up defined areas of influence for the two nations with the idea of spreading Christianity to the natives in those territories. In time the Portuguese territory became known as Brazil, hence the working language of that country to this day is
bilingual education The Debate Between Bilingual Education and English Immersion Programs Bilingual Education is defined as any school program that uses two languages. In a more theoretical sense it is any educational program whose ultimate goal is for the participants to be fully versed in all facets of both languages (i.e., able to listen, speak , read, and write in both languages). The definition of a coordinated, developmental bilingual approach has emphasized the goal of being equally fluid
1793 Laurie Halse (rhymes with waltz ) was born on October 23, 1961 in Potsdam, New York, to Methodist minister Frank A., Jr. and manager Joyce Holcomb Halse. The author says that she decided to become a writer in second grade. Her teacher taught the class how to write haiku. She enjoyed it a lot and hopes that every second grader will learn to write poetry. Halse soon started reading library books for hours. The magic of the elementary school library came alive in life. Heidi, one of Halse\'s f
Native Americans- Minority Role Thesis Since the arrival of the Europeans in 1492 the Native American has systematically been dehumanized, decivilized and redefined into terms that typify a subordinate or minority role, restricted life opportunities persist today as a result. I. Introduction-Majority/Minority group relations- the role of power II. Historical Overview A. Native American life before contact with the White man. B. Early contact, efforts at peaceful co-existence. C. Conflict and its
Ethical Imperative THE ETHICAL IMPERATIVE Today\'s businesses are entrenched in a great conflict. The interests of the stockholders and the interests of the populace at large seem to be in constant turmoil. On one hand, stockholders desire profit for themselves, and on the other, the general population does not care to be exploited by those whose sole motive is profit. This is a conflict because those who buy a business\'s products tend to be in the general public, and they have the ability to m
Car Financing in China OVERVIEW China and its economy Capital : Beijing Population : 1.3 billion Area : 9.6 million sq km Currency : Yuan Ren Min Bi GNP : $4 Trillion (2001) GDP : PPP $7.262 trillion (2004 est.) Per Capita : $5,600 (2004 est.) Form : People\'s Republic Official Languages : Chinese (Mandarin) Growth Rate in Real GDP : 1999 7.1% 2000 8.0% 2001 7.3% 2002 8.0% 2003 8.4% 2004 9.1% Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4.1% (2004 est.) Located in South East Asia, China is home to 1.3 bill
Italy Italy Italy is a country located in southern Europe. Italy occupies a boot- shaped peninsula that extends into the Mediterranean sea from southern Europe. The country also includes two large islands, Sicily and Sardinia. The History Italy has had a long and colorful history. For much of its history, Italy has been divided into many small and often warring city states. This occurred after the break up of the Roman Empire when much of Europe became feudal. In 476, Odoacer defeated the last e
Bilingual Education Bilingual education was first initiated in 1968. It was a new means to educate the children who spoke a minority language. thirty-one years later the same problems exist for those children who speak a language other then English. The experiment of Bilingual education has been a failure and now it\'s time to move on. The first English only initiatives were brought forth in 1981 by newly elected president Reagan. Since then the conflict over Bilingual education has drove on. Cu
Sport At School Should Not Be Compulsory Sport at school should NOT be compulsory. Sports training and PE take up time that could be better spent learning other subjects, and PE and Sport are not as important as other subjects like maths, science etc. It is also my belief that it students should have the right to choose whether or not we do sport/PE, because we are allowed to choose the subjects that are more important, so why are we not allowed to choose whether or not we do sport?Every year in