Free Philosophy Essays   Free Philosophy Essays Page 24

Existentialism1
Existentialism1 Existentialism, which spread rapidly over continental Europe after the First World War, is essentially the analysis of the condition of man, of the particular state of being free, and of man\'s having constantly to use his freedom in order top answer the ever- changing and unexpected challenges of the day. According to the Existentialists, the starting point of every philosophical investigation is concrete human existence. That means that human personality in itself should point ...

Existentialism1
Existentialism1 Existentialism, which spread rapidly over continental Europe after the First World War, is essentially the analysis of the condition of man, of the particular state of being free, and of man\'s having constantly to use his freedom in order top answer the ever- changing and unexpected challenges of the day. According to the Existentialists, the starting point of every philosophical investigation is concrete human existence. That means that human personality in itself should point ...

Feminism
Feminism What is feminism? By general definition, feminism is a philosophy in which women and their contributions are valued. It is based on social, political and economical equality for women. Feminists can be anyone in the population, men, women, girl or boys. Feminism can also be described as a movement. A revolution that includes women and men who wish the world to be equal without boundaries. These boundaries or blockades are better known as discrimination and biases against gender, sexual ...

Feminist Ethics
Feminist Ethics Most people assume that the philosophical story can be told entirely by the men who dominate it. They ignore the insights and perspectives of nonwhites and women who make up the majority of the world, while at the same time realizing that if asked, they would say that everyone\'s voice is equally important. Without realizing it, or maybe some individuals willingly enter into a social contract that does not allow everyone to be treated equally. Women have been treated as lesser pe...

Feminist Ethics1
Feminist Ethics1 Most people assume that the philosophical story can be told entirely by the men who dominate it. They ignore the insights and perspectives of nonwhites and women who make up the majority of the world, while at the same time realizing that if asked, they would say that everyone\'s voice is equally important. Without realizing it, or maybe some individuals willingly enter into a social contract that does not allow everyone to be treated equally. Women have been treated as lesser p...

Founding the Modern Project
Founding the Modern Project The Cogito Ergo Sum is the heart of Cartesian philosophy and represents the starting point of his method. It set Descartes apart from the Scholastics who began with real things in a really existing world. He was obviously influenced by the Protestant Reformation and its challenge of authority, tradition and medieval Aristotelianism. Opposing himself to this tradition, Descartes began simply within the certitude of self as a thinking being. Like the pre-Socratics, Desc...

Freedom
Freedom The topic of this paper is to discuss what freedom is and if we as humans possess it. Freedom is defined by Webster\'s Dictionary as the exemption from power or control of another, or exemption from necessity, in choice and action, known generally as free will. However, this does not cover the full implications of pure and absolute freedom. Absolute freedom is one such that a person not only understands that there are no restrictions on his actions, but also that his actions are guided b...

Freidrich nietzsche
freidrich nietzsche Friedrich Nietzsche, a unique philosopher had some very interesting ideas about peoples human values and personality types. In this essay I will explain what I like and dislike about his Master Morality & his antithesis to this, Slave Morality. According to Nietzche, all morality is a manifestation of the will to power. The other is driven by the will to power but attempts to deny this. The term master morality refers to all the values of the psychologically strong wil...

Freud and the super ego
Freud and the super ego Subject: Critical Modern Philosophy What are the main features and functions of the Superego according Freud? Words: 1000 Name: Samuel Johnstone Student Number: 99189860 Tutor: Dr Paul Alberts. Tutorial Time: Wednesday 12-1:30. What is the Superego? According to Anne Neimark Sigmund called the third area of the mind the Superego. Like a judge in a court trial, the superego announced its verdicts or decrees. (Neimark A, 1976, page 96) The superego is part of a trio th...

Gandhi and the Western Mind
Gandhi and the Western Mind Mary Reynolds November 17, 2000 History 3840 Arthur K. Scott Gandhi, Satyagraha, and the Western Mind There is much that can be said about such a great leader like Gandhi. He had many skills that were needed to make a difference in the world. Perhaps the most important quality that he possessed was the attributes of knowledge and common sense. These attributes made him a very levelheaded man who knew how to treat his opponent with respect while stating the issue at ha...

Golding puts forth the idea man is inheritaly evil
Golding puts forth the idea man is inheritaly evil Golding Puts Forth the Idea That Man is Inherently Evil Essay written by Frank C. Nunez The novel Lord of the Flies by William Golding used a group of British boys beached on a deserted island to illustrate the malicious nature in mankind. Lord of the Flies dealt with the changes the boys underwent as they gradually adapted to the secluded freedom from their society. William Goldings basic philosophy that society was inherently evil could be es...

H e I d e g g e r s Metaphysics
H e I d e g g e r s Metaphysics H e I d e g g e r s Metaphysics and its application to Filipinos PATRIOTISM and NATIONAL PRIDE OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY: 1. To be able for Filipino to know heideggers Metaphysics and apply it to their everyday living. 2. To be able to know that the foundation of success is oneself 3. To be able to encourage Filipino people to evaluate themselves; 4. To be able to maximize Filipinos good values and minimize their weakness; 5. To be able to develop discipline and ...

Heideggers Conceptual Essences Being and the Nothi
Heideggers Conceptual Essences Being and the Nothing Humanism and Technology Heideggers Conceptual Essences: Being and the Nothing, Humanism, and Technology Being and the Nothing are the same. The ancient philosopher Lao-tzu believed that the world entertains no separations and that opposites do not actually exist. His grounding for this seemingly preposterous proposition lies in the fact that because alleged opposites depend on one another and their definitions rely on their differences, they c...

Hobbes and locke
hobbes and locke Hobbes and Locke Outcome 2 . Thomas Hobbes was born in Wiltshire, England in 1588 just prior to the Spanish Armada. Philosophy is defined by Hobbes as the reasoned knowledge of effects from causes, and causes from effects. Hobbes was educated in Oxford where he learnt about the great classics and also of Aristotle, however Hobbes disliked Aristotles approach that democracy was the best form of government. Hobbes spent many a year on the continent and his disliking for Aristotle...

Hobbes Locke Rousseau
Hobbes Locke Rousseau Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau developed theories on human nature and how men govern themselves. With the passing of time, political views on the philosophy of government gradually changed. Despite their differences, Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau, all became three of the most influential political theorists in the world. Their ideas and philosophies spread all over the world influencing the creation of many new governments. These philosophers all recogni...

How to build a person
how to build a person Philosophy Mon-Thursday How to build a person. I read how to build a person by Justin Lieber. Justin Lieber is a professor at the University of Houston, whom also writes science fiction. This selection, which was taken from his novel Beyond Rejection, is fictional and is based in the future. The story is set in the year 2112 in a Houston hospital. In this hospital they are brains on one person into the body of another. The story starts with the hospital giving a class on ho...

Human Character
Human Character Adrian Horstead 2-25-00 UCCP 102 Dr. Major The Character of Human Nature According to Francis Bacon and John Locke Human nature is defined as one\'s natural instinct or way of life and the primitive state of life. There are several stories of how man came into existence, but there are fewer stories that describe the way man personality or how man portrayed himself in his primitive state. Many philosophers have stated their views of the character of human nature in their published...

Hume
Hume Hume I was from the beginning scandalised, I must own, with this resemblance between the Deity and human creatures. --Philo David Hume wrote much about the subject of religion, much of it negative. In this paper we shall attempt to follow Hume\'s arguments against Deism as Someone knowable from the wake He allegedly makes as He passes. This kind of Deism he lays to rest. Then, digging deeper, we shall try our hand at a critique of his critique of religion, of resurrecting a natural belief...

Hume Suicide
Hume Suicide ONE considerable advantage that arises from Philosophy, consists in the sovereign antidote which it affords to superstition and false religion. All other remedies against that pestilent distemper are vain, or at least uncertain. Plain good sense and the practice of the world, which alone serve most purposes of life, are here found ineffectual: History as well as daily experience furnish instances of men endowed with the 2} strongest capacity for business and affairs, who have all th...

Hume
Hume Hume I was from the beginning scandalised, I must own, with this resemblance between the Deity and human creatures. --Philo David Hume wrote much about the subject of religion, much of it negative. In this paper we shall attempt to follow Hume\'s arguments against Deism as Someone knowable from the wake He allegedly makes as He passes. This kind of Deism he lays to rest. Then, digging deeper, we shall try our hand at a critique of his critique of religion, of resurrecting a natural belief...

Hume
Hume Hume I was from the beginning scandalised, I must own, with this resemblance between the Deity and human creatures. --Philo David Hume wrote much about the subject of religion, much of it negative. In this paper we shall attempt to follow Hume\'s arguments against Deism as Someone knowable from the wake He allegedly makes as He passes. This kind of Deism he lays to rest. Then, digging deeper, we shall try our hand at a critique of his critique of religion, of resurrecting a natural belief...

In vitro fertilization
in vitro fertilization In Vitro Fertilization The unexamined life is not worth living. With these words, Socrates stated the creed of reflective men and women and set the task for ethics: to seek, with the help of reason, a consistent and defensible approach to life and its moral dilemmas (Walters 22). Ethical inquiry is important to us when we are unsure of the direction in which we are heading. New philosophy calls all in doubt, wrote John Donne in the wake of the Copernican Revolution and...

Incompatibilism
Incompatibilism Dermott OFlanagan Philosophy Paper 3 Incompatibilism: The Only Way to Go Is man free? If everything is determined by antecedent conditions, how can we consider mans actions to be free? Is the belief that everything is determined incompatible with the concept of freedom? If all actions are determined, how can one be held morally responsible? The three possible positions, which may be taken in regard to these question, libertarianism, compatibilism (soft determinism), incompatibi...

Is God real
Is God real The existence of God has been questioned since the beginning of time. Religions thrived on answering the unanswerable questions of the universe and people were able to find solace in the answers. As science has expanded and been able to answer these questions with natural, as opposed to supernatural answers, many people stopped looking to God and religion for the causes of things and started looking towards science. God was dead, according to many scientists and people of all profess...

Is there a meaning to life
Is there a meaning to life Is there a meaning to life? First, to clear up any misunderstandings in the next few paragraphs you are about to read, I shall explain a few things. I am not talking about the individual people in our lives, that mean so much to us, or individual lives. That is a whole other matter. What I mean by the meaning of life, is the greater picture. There are people all over the world, doing their own thing, living their own lives, in their own areas. Is there a point to thi...

Jean Jacques Rousseau
Jean Jacques Rousseau Jean Jacques Rousseau was a very famous french philosopher. He wrote many popular stories and operas during his life. He was a very smart man who was born into a disturbed family. Jean Jacques Rousseau was born in Geneva on June 28th, in 1712. Rousseaus mother died while giving birth to him. His father was a very violent tempered man and he paid little attention to Jeans training. His father would eventually desert him. The fact that his father deserted him gave Jean a pa...

JeanPaul Sartre and Existentialism
JeanPaul Sartre and Existentialism Jean-Paul Sartre and Existentialism The word philosophy comes from Greek and literally means love of wisdom. The Merriam- Webster dictionary defines philosophy as a critical study of fundamental beliefs and the grounds for them. Because of the diversity of positions associated with existentialism, the term is impossible to define precisely. However, existentialism is a philosophical movement of the 19th and 20th century that centers on the analysis of indiv...

John Locke
John Locke John Locke (1632-1704) was born in Wrington, England to Puritan parents who fostered his education in theology and politics. He attended the Westminster school, and then entered Christ Church, Oxford, where he received a scholarship. Locke studied classical languages, metaphysics, logic, and rhetoric there. He developed friendships with Robert Boyle and Isaac Newton, both of whom influenced his views. In 1690, he wrote An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, this is considered his gr...

John Stuart Mill
John Stuart Mill John Stuart Mill 1806-1873 John had a teleological view of ethics. He is also known as the 1st advocate for women. Lived during the time of the Industrial Revolution. Born to a rich man, he was the youngest, Mr. Mill retired after having John and deticated his life to making John a genius. Mr. Mill home educated John all his life in hopes to create a genius. Not once in Johns life at home was he able to leave the compound of his fathers home. John had to educate his older brothe...

Justice1
justice1 Justice in Plato\'s Republic Paper 2 In the Republic, Plato attempts to answer one of philosophy\'s most central questions: What is justice or right conduct? Thrasymachus, who is upset at Socrates\' rhetoric interrupts, suggests that justice is what is in the interest of the stronger. Thrasymachus\'s view of justice is that justice is the advantage of the stronger. Thrasymachus explains this by expressing that the government makes rules to its own advantage and so it is declared just fo...

Kant
kant Kant starts off making two distinctions regarding kinds of knowledge, empirical/rational and formal/material. Empirical or experience-based knowledge is compared with rational knowledge, which is independent of experience. This distinction between empirical and rational knowledge rests on a difference in sources of evidence used to support the two different kinds of knowledge. Formal is compared with material knowledge. Formal knowledge has no specific subject matter; it is about the genera...

Kant Sewction 1
Kant Sewction 1 Kant starts off making two distinctions regarding kinds of knowledge, empirical/rational and formal/material. Empirical or experience-based knowledge is contrasted with rational knowledge, which is independent of experience. This distinction between empirical and rational knowledge rests on a difference in sources of evidence used to support the two different kinds of knowledge. Formal is contrasted with material knowledge. Formal knowledge has no specific subject matter; it is a...

Kant
kant Kant starts off making two distinctions regarding kinds of knowledge, empirical/rational and formal/material. Empirical or experience-based knowledge is compared with rational knowledge, which is independent of experience. This distinction between empirical and rational knowledge rests on a difference in sources of evidence used to support the two different kinds of knowledge. Formal is compared with material knowledge. Formal knowledge has no specific subject matter; it is about the genera...

King vs Thoreau
King vs Thoreau King vs. Thoreau By acting civil but disobedient you are able to protest things you dont think are fair, non-violently. Henry David Thoreau is one of the most important literary figures of the nineteenth century. Thoreaus essay Civil Disobedience, which was written as a speech, has been used by many great thinkers such as Martin Luther King Jr. and Mahatma Ghandi as a map to fight against injustice. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was a pastor that headed the Civil Rights movement...

Knowledge
Knowledge Knowledge When discussing the concept of knowledge it must be made clear what type of knowledge is being discussed. Three types of knowledge are proposed in philosophy; object knowledge, know-how knowledge, and propositional knowledge. Object knowledge involves a person, place, or thing. For example saying that I know my friend Antony is object knowledge, implying that I have had personal contact with him and it could also imply that I know facts about him. Know-how consists of abiliti...

Knowledge
Knowledge Knowledge When discussing the concept of knowledge it must be made clear what type of knowledge is being discussed. Three types of knowledge are proposed in philosophy; object knowledge, know-how knowledge, and propositional knowledge. Object knowledge involves a person, place, or thing. For example saying that I know my friend Antony is object knowledge, implying that I have had personal contact with him and it could also imply that I know facts about him. Know-how consists of abiliti...

Laura purdy
laura purdy In Laura Purdys essay Are Pregnant Women Fetal Containers? the issue that is dealt with is the relationship between pregnant women and their unborn fetus. She feels that the womans rights to her body should outweigh the rights of the fetus. She argues that pregnant woman are treated like second-class citizens in our society and that medical decisions are placed upon them that are not necessary and unjust. Purdy also discusses the role of the fetus, the moral duty of the mother, t...

Life After Death
Life After Death An undeniable statement by all, philosophers or not, is that our earthly life will one day cease to exist and every living individual will one day meet their death. A simple definition of death would be the complete annihilation of one self, where the life or awakeness one would feel in their brief life would be no more. Basically, the opposite to life. However, even the definition of death may be open to argument by many. Some may believe that death is not the end of life or no...

Locke and the American Political System
Locke and the American Political System John Locke and his ideas about philosophy was a major influence on the American political system, not to mention many other political systems, too. His ideas were very universal, especially those regarding rights and freedom, two topics for which the United States of America is best known. Locke claimed that there is a law of nature governing human beings and that it is knowable by human reason(Lavine, 136). This law of nature is the basis of American po...

Martin
martin Kings parents ensured that their child was secure and happy. Malcolm X was born on May 19, 1925 and was raised in a completely different atmosphere than King, an atmosphere of fear and anger where the seeds of bitterness were planted. The burning of his house by the Klu Klux Klan resulted in the murder of his father. His mother later suffered a nervous breakdown and his family was split up. He was haunted by this early nightmare for most of his life. From then on, he was driven by hatred...

Marx
Marx Karl Marx wrote many works throughout his time, but one of the works of his youth was called On Man and History. This work by Marx was written when he was a youth and was influenced by the Industrial Revolution and the works of Hegel philosophy. There are two sections in this document one is the Alienated Man and the other is History. The first section by Marx talks about how man is alienated by the process of labor and the product that is made out of the labor. Marx says that the process o...

Moral Accountability
Moral Accountability Arthur Washburne Introduction to Philosophy Moral Accountability Morality depends on the ability of an individual to choose between good and evil, thus, entailing freedom of the will and the moral responsibility of the individual for his actions. It is obvious this is so for the individual, but what about groups and governments? Do they have the ability to choose between good and evil, do they have free will and therefore are they subject to the same paradigms of morality as...

Moral and Philosophical history of Vegetarianism
Moral and Philosophical history of Vegetarianism Vegetarianism is the theory or practice of living solely on vegetables, fruits, grains and nuts. It is practiced for moral, ascetic or nutritional reasons In Western society today meat in many different forms is readily and economically available, yet the current trend shows a growing number of voluntary vegetarians around the world. In the United States, roughly 3 to 4 percent of the total populations are considered vegetarian. The origins of mod...

My Philosophy
My Philosophy From: [email protected] (Robert Parson) Newsgroups: sci.environment,sci.answers,news.answers Subject: Ozone Depletion FAQ Part I: Introduction to the Ozone Layer Followup-To: poster Date: 24 Dec 1997 20:49:01 GMT Organization: University of Colorado, Boulder Expires: Sun, 1 Feb 1998 00:00:00 GMT Message-ID: *[email protected]* Reply-To: [email protected] Summary: This is the first of four files dealing with stratospheric ozone depletion. It provides sc...

My Philosophy of Balance
My Philosophy of Balance My Philosophy of Balance Balance. Our world depends upon it physically, psychologically, and spiritually. This principle, although easy to overlook, is the foundation of my personal philosophy. Without balance there is no harmony, no conflict and no growth. Any productive result, any achievement, any strength is useless without it. The balance in my world is achieved by these fundamental beliefs: God exists, and yet evil exists; all humanity does have free will and all t...

My Philosophy1
My Philosophy1 My Philosophy You can only appreciate things that are fun after you work hard to achieve them. Fortune Cookie, 2000 My philosophy of life is that if you work hard enough, you will achieve the things you want. In other words, Practice makes perfect. The feeling that you get from having fun is great, but it is important to work hard to achieve this fun thing. The feeling of having fun is irrelevant if hard work was not involved in achieving it. An example to illustrate this po...

Newton
newton Mediaeval understanding of science had mostly based Aristotle; Aristotles ideas held for thousands of years until the scientific revolution begin breaking them off. It is Newton helped the transformation of natural philosophy into modern science. Newton established the science of mechanics and laid the groundwork for classical physics with law of motion he discovered. These principles might seem obvious and simple to todays physicists, but this was a new way of thinking in Newtons ti...

Niccolo Machiavelli
Niccolo Machiavelli The Italian Renaissance is known for its birth of many notable philosophers, including the famous Niccolo Machiavelli. He is, without a doubt, one of the greatest political thinkers to have ever existed, and his ideas and beliefs have been an inspiration and motivation for many famous leaders. Although he has known to have been a positive influence on mankind, Machiavelli has also distinguished a bad reputation that has been unfairly given to him because of a misunderstanding...

Nicomachean ethics
nicomachean ethics Philosophy 11/15/99 Achieving excellence in terms of Aristotle\'s Nichomachean Ethics Before actually focusing on the main details of Aristotle\'s Argument, we must pay careful attention to the opening remarks he makes in Book I about the nature of his inquiry. The first important point that he stresses is that the study of the character of human beings is dependent on what a human being is. Aristotle states that that a human is not a man that lives in isolation, but a man ...

Nietzsche
Nietzsche Friedrich Nietzsche, a unique philosopher had some very interesting ideas about peoples human values and personality types. In this essay I will explain what I like and dislike about his Master Morality & his antithesis to this, Slave Morality. According to Nietzche, all morality is a manifestation of the will to power. The other is driven by the will to power but attempts to deny this. The term master morality refers to all the values of the psychologically strong willed people...