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Nietzsche2
Nietzsche2 Who is Friedrich Nietzsche? Can a man born in 1844 really tell us anything of relevance in the twenty-first century? To simply say Nietzsche was a German philosopher would be an injustice let\'s stay clear of labels, I\'ll simply describe Nietzsche as a man with an incredible metal penetration of situations covering all walks of life Friedrich Nietzsche challenged the foundations of traditional morality and Christianity. He believed in life, creativity, health, and the realities of ...

Nihilistic Themes and Characters in Literature
Nihilistic Themes and Characters in Literature Cruz 1 Lindsay Cruz AP English Mrs. Willis 7 April 2000 Nihilistic Themes and Characters in Literature The philosophy of Nihilism was born out of an individuals discontent. The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines Nihilism is a viewpoint that traditional values and beliefs are unfounded and that existence is senseless and useless. The roots of Nihilism come from a dissatisfied individual, maintaining a view that nothing in the world has a real exist...

None Provided
None Provided Taoism It is always present in you. You can use it anyway you want. -- Lao-tzu Taoism is one of the two great philosophical and religious traditions that originated in China. The other philosophy native to China is Confucianism. Both Taoism and Confucianism began at about the same time, around the sixth century B.C. China\'s third great religion, Buddhism, came to China from India around the second century of the common era. Together, these three faiths have shaped Chinese life and...

Of Miracles
Of Miracles In David Hume\'s paper Of Miracles, Hume presents a various number of arguments concerning why people ought not to believe in any miracles. Hume does not think that miracles do not exist it is just that we should not believe in them because they have no rational background. One of his arguments is just by definition miracles are unbelievable. And have no rational means in believing miracles. Another argument is that most miracles tend to come from uncivilized countries and the witn...

Parmemides and Heraclitus on change
Parmemides and Heraclitus on change Parmemides and Heraclitus On Change Heraclitus argued there was a single divine law of the universe, which rules and guides the cosmos. This is the Logos. He said that the logos both underlies and governs change. Heraclitus compares the logos to fire an element that is always changing yet always the same. For example he said, The sun is new each day.(Curd Pg. 38 88) His view was that all things are derived from a single arche or starting point and that as n...

Penis and Its Transparency
Penis and Its Transparency This first chapter, a preface, is insistent on the fact that the book is based on real events. Vonnegut, like our narrator, is a veteran of World War II, a former prisoner of war, and a witness to a great massacre, and that fact lends a certain authority to what follows. Vonnegut shares with us his enduring inability to render in writing the horror of Dresden. There is nothing intelligent to say about a massacre, yet he feels the need to say something. The book unabash...

Personal Identity and Afterlife
Personal Identity and Afterlife Personal Identity and the Afterlife Identity defines the fundamental nature of everything, whether that thing is an objective physical entity or a subjective idea that has to be mentally constructed. To understand the nature of these abstract ideas, we must first understand the concept of identity. When speaking of identity, one of the first types most people think of is the identity of the self. This self could be the attributes that a person attaches to himse...

Philosophical Thought
Philosophical Thought Fulfillment is Gained Through Philosophical Thought The ability to think philosophical is the ability to truly understand and know ones surroundings and everything that influences those surroundings to the degree that that knowledge becomes the ultimate understanding and appreciation of the surroundings without question. With this ultimate understanding, a philosopher is able to appreciate life and live life to a fuller degree than the average person. Unfortunately, becomin...

Philosophy
Philosophy Philosophy Philosophy is an all-important aspect of our lives. It is philosophy that we turn to when have the need to seek out a guiding principle for our lives. Therefore, philosophy holds a prominent place in society and in the world. Basically, everyone is a philosopher, but it takes the creative genius and reasoning of brilliant thinkers to bring about world-shattering concepts. Nevertheless, the common man also ruminates about his life and his unique existence to try to find the ...

Philosophy final
Philosophy final SUMMARY Brand Blanshard, a respected philosophy professor, published an essay entitled, The Uses of a Liberal Education, which accounts for a few arguments against a liberal education, but stresses the overwhelming advantages to the same education. According to Blanshard, liberal studies are the sort of studies that are pursued for their own sake rather than for their utility. (p. 121). The first step Blanshard takes in analyzing the usefulness of a liberal education is to hig...

Philosophy final
Philosophy final SUMMARY Brand Blanshard, a respected philosophy professor, published an essay entitled, The Uses of a Liberal Education, which accounts for a few arguments against a liberal education, but stresses the overwhelming advantages to the same education. According to Blanshard, liberal studies are the sort of studies that are pursued for their own sake rather than for their utility. (p. 121). The first step Blanshard takes in analyzing the usefulness of a liberal education is to hig...

Philosophy of Crime and Punishment
Philosophy of Crime and Punishment Dostoevskys Crime and Punishment is a tale of poverty and suffering by all characters. Through suffering comes rationalization of decisions made and the circumstances of life. Philosophical theories develop through rationalization of the character. Two main philosophical motifs arise through out Crime and Punishment. Existentialism and Nihilism are the two main philosophies represented. Raskolnikov, the main character, is involved with the text in which these ...

Philosophy of Man I Perception
Philosophy of Man I Perception Philosophy of Man I: Perception Linguistic ability affects man in his specifically animal operations. Discuss with reference to any one of the senses. In the following assignment, we intend discussing the way our linguistic abilities affect man\'s specifically animal operations. We would like to start by pointing out the advantages this ability gives us, and how it distinguishes the human being from the animal. Moreover, we will analyse the way in which language ...

Philosophy of the Human Mind Truth
Philosophy of the Human Mind Truth TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. THE PHILOSOPHICAL CONCEPT OF TRUTH 2. THE ACHIEVEMENT OF TRUTH 1. THE PHILOSOPHICAL CONCEPT OF TRUTH Epistemology is the study of what we know, how we know, and what we can or cannot know. In Epistemology, students are asked many questions about Truth and Knowledge. Here are two basic questions that students may be asked, What is Truth? and Can we really have Truth? The simple answer to this question is yes. Truth, in a philosophical te...

Philosophy of the Mind
Philosophy of the Mind In this paper I plan to show that Searle is correct in claiming that his Chinese Room Analogy shows that any Turing machine simulation of human understanding of a linguistic phenomenon fails to possess any real understanding. First I will explain the Chinese Room Analogy and how it is compared to a Turing machine. I will then show that the machine can not literally be said to understand. A Turing machine has a infinite number of internal states, but always begins a computa...

Plato and Aristotle
Plato and Aristotle Plato, a Greek philosopher was among the most important and creative thinkers of the ancient world. He was born in Athens in 428 BC to an aristocratic and well-off family. Even as a young child Plato was familiar with political life because hes father, Ariston was the last king of Athens. Ariston died when Plato was a young boy. However, the excessive Athenian political life, which was under the oligarchical rule of the Thirty Tyrants and the restored democracy, seem to have...

Plato and Aristotle1
Plato and Aristotle1 To compare the political theories of two great philosophers of politics is to first examine each theory in depth. Many experts regard Plato as the first writer of political philosophy, and Aristotle is recognized as the first political scientist. These two men were great thinkers. They each had ideas of how to improve existing societies during their individual lifetimes. It is necessary to look at several areas of each theory to seek the difference in each. The main focus of...

Plato Philebus
Plato Philebus In the dialogue, Philebus, Socrates, one of the worlds most renowned ancient philosophers and a young man named Protarchus, analyze and compare two different scenarios. Is pleasure or understanding the good? The dialogue begins with Philebus presenting his argument for Protarchus to argue, however, about midway through the dialogue, the once wrangling dispute, becomes a collective search for the truth. The colloquy begins rather simply, with the underlying arguments being exa...

Plato vs Aristotle1
Plato vs Aristotle1 The beliefs of Plato and Aristotle can be both valid and invalid in many different ways. This is true for many ancient philosophers. Their ideas can often be hard to touch upon due to changes in things such as time, society, technology and even knowledge. I believe that neither Plato nor Aristotle has complete grasp on their philosophy of life, for as much as the two contradict one another, they also tie in with each other and logically, I believe, one can almost not make sen...

Plato vs Aristotle2
Plato vs Aristotle2 Aristotle refutes Plato\'s Theory of Ideas on three basic grounds: that the existence of Ideas contradicts itself by denying the possibility of negations; that his illustrations of Ideas are merely empty metaphors; and that they theory uses impermanent abstractions to create examples of perception. Though the theory is meant to establish concrete standards for the knowledge of reality, Aristotle considers it fraught with inconsistencies and believes that the concept of realit...

Plato Vs Milas
Plato Vs Milas Euthanasia In Today\'s Society Your wife of 50 years is suddenly diagnosed with a terminal disease. She lies in a bed, motionless and unaware of her surroundings. The medication to ease her pain has been wearing off. She just lies there in pain and unable to communicate with the outside world. The doctors give her a month to live at the most. What would you do? Would you let her sit in a hospital bed in agonizing pain for the last few months of her life, or do you help to prematur...

Plato2
Plato2 Plato (428-347 BC) The Greek philosopher Plato was among the most important and creative thinkers of the ancient world. His work set forth most of the important problems and concepts of Western philosophy, psychology, logic, and politics, and his influence has remained profound from ancient to modern times. Plato was born in Athens in 428 BC. Both his parents were of distinguished Athenian families, and his stepfather, an associate of Pericles, was an active participant in the political a...

Plato2
Plato2 Plato (428-347 BC) The Greek philosopher Plato was among the most important and creative thinkers of the ancient world. His work set forth most of the important problems and concepts of Western philosophy, psychology, logic, and politics, and his influence has remained profound from ancient to modern times. Plato was born in Athens in 428 BC. Both his parents were of distinguished Athenian families, and his stepfather, an associate of Pericles, was an active participant in the political a...

Platos euthyphro
platos euthyphro One of the most interesting and influential thinkers of all time was Socrates, whose dedication to careful reasoning helped form the basis for philosophy. Socrates applied logical tricks in the pursuit for the truth. Consequently, his willingness to call everything into question and his determination to accept nothing less than an adequate account of the nature of things made him one of the first people to utilize critical philosophy. Although he was well known for his philosoph...

Platos Forms
Platos Forms The influence that Plato, the Greek philosopher born in 427 BC in Athens, has had throughout the history of philosophy has been monumental. Among other things, Plato is known for his exploration of the fundamental problems of natural science, political theory, metaphysics, theology and theory of knowledge; many of his ideas becoming permanent elements in Western thought. The basis of Platos philosophy is his theory of Ideas, or doctrine of Forms. While the notion of Forms is essent...

Platos Ideal City
Platos Ideal City Plato\'s Ideal City Socrates\' ideal city is described through Plato in his work The Republic, some questions pondered through the text could be; How is this an ideal city, and is justice in the city relative to that of the human soul? I believe Socrates found the true meaning of justice in the larger atmosphere of the city and applied that concept to the human soul. Socrates describes his idea of an ideal city as one that has all the necessary parts to function and to show...

Platos Phaedo
Platos Phaedo Platos Phaedo is a dialog between Phaedo, Cebes, and Simmias depicting Socrates explanation as to why death should not be feared by a true philosopher. For if a person truly applies oneself in the right way to philosophy, as the pursuit of ultimate truth, they are preparing themselves for the very act of dying. Plato, through Socrates, bases his proof on the immortality of the soul, and it being the origin of our intellect. Several steps must be taken for the soul to be proven imm...

Platos Republic1
Platos Republic1 Plato was a philosopher in the time of the distinguished Greek philosophers. He wrote a book entitled The Republic in which he explains some of his philosophy on subjects ranging from education to government. The Republic discusses the nature of justice and the institutions of society. In some ways it is idealistic in that it describes Plato\'s ideal society. But it also deals with human knowledge, the purpose and composition of education, and the nature of science. The principl...

Platos the human soul
platos the human soul Plato was perhaps one of the most intriguing minds of his time. His works influenced many of todays great minds. One of his greatest works was his Five Dialogues. The Five Dialogues include: Euthyphro; Apology; Crito; Meno; and Phaedo. Of the five books, Phaedo is arguable the most captivating. Phaedo is an account of the ideas of the great philosopher, Socrates. In Phaedo, Socrates discusses many controversial ideas such as philosophical method, death, the true philosophe...

Politics of Plato and Aristotle
Politics of Plato and Aristotle Politics of Plato and Aristotle To compare the political theories of two great philosophers of politics is to first examine each theory in depth. Plato is regarded by many experts as the first writer of political philosophy, and Aristotle is recognized as the first political scientist. These two men were great thinkers. They each had ideas of how to improve existing societies during their individual lifetimes. It is necessary to look at several areas of each theor...

Popular culture
popular culture Philosophy and Popular Culture Nicole November 7, 2000 Political Thought The piece of popular culture that I chose for this assignment is the book by James and Christopher Collier, My Brother Sam Is Dead. A brief description of the events that took place in the book follows. I took the religious aspects of the book and will relate them to several philosophers, which we have studied. The time period in which this book took place was a time when people\'s religious values were much...

Porche or pony
porche or pony Will that be a Porsche or a Pony? by Scott Carpenter Perhaps I\'m getting cynical in my old age but it seems to me that the primary difference between most political ideologies, primarily conservatism and liberalism, is rate of speed. Indeed, the only difference may be that one moves faster than the other towards the demise of our existence as a free people. The platforms put forth by either side reflect less and less a concrete difference in principle and more and more a differin...

Premise of hume
premise of hume In his Treatise of Human Nature, David Hume outlines his theory of human morality. Humes argument is the notion that human morality is not based on rational thought and reason, but rather is a consequence of our passions. Because passions themselves can never present themselves as the product of any sort of reasoning, it would be illogical to ever judge a moral action as rational or irrational. This, therefore, raises the question, what is the role of reason in moral thinking? T...

Proof Of The Existence of God
Proof Of The Existence of God Proof Of The Exsistence of God By: John Doe The Case For The Existence of God by John Doe, Ph.D. Introduction Either God exists or He doesn\'t. There is no middle ground. Any attempt to remain neutral in relation to God\'s existence is automatically synonymous with unbelief. It is far from a moot question, for if God does exist, then nothing else really matters; if He does not exist, then nothing really matters at all. If He does exist, then there is an eternal he...

PythagorasHeraclitus on Death and the Soul
PythagorasHeraclitus on Death and the Soul One of the most interesting topics discussed by early philosophers is mortality and what happens to the human soul after death. Of the pre-Socratic philosophers, Pythagoras and Heraclitus are the two noteworthy philosophic thinkers on this subject. This paper will discuss the views of both Pythagoras and Heraclitus in regards to death and the soul and how their thoughts are similar and differ. For instance, I will explain how each would respond to the f...

Random philosophizing about life
Random philosophizing about life Do humans need god/spirituality? The short answer to this question is a simple no, humans do not need either god or spirituality. All human beings, however, use their beleifs as a way of defining, evaluating, and assigning a purpose to their lives. Therefore, it can be said that all human beings need to beleive in something. This something need not be either god or spirituality, but beleiving in something is essential to nearly all people. Many people choose to...

Rene Decartes
Rene Decartes Descartes is famed by is familiar notion, I think therefore I am (Cogito, ergo sum.). It is a conclusion he has reached in his second meditation after much deliberation on the existence of anything certain. After he discovers his ability to doubt and to understand , he is able to substantiate his necessary existence as a consequence. What we doubt or understand may not ultimately correspond, but we can never be uncertain that we are in the process of thought. This idea is a major...

Revolution
Revolution Revolution. Revolutionists are judged by their beliefs and not mine. Their ideas are the revolution, and their belief in them- the justification and proof thereof. In this case, I am revolutionary because I feel and believe so. I am enlightening at least someone (myself, if not others) by my ideas due to my personal belief and application of them. Revolution in and of itself is simply a mere spark, an idea that is relative to the great masses of people in one new way. The consequence ...

Rhetoric is the medium
Rhetoric is the medium Marshall McLuhan was a Canadian communications theorist and educator. He taught in Canada and the U.S. He gained fame in the 1960s with his proposal that the electric media had a greater influence on the people than the information itself. This man who examined the electronic media, and the emergence of a Global village, was also the man who spent most of his life studying the power of rhetoric in relation to those ideas. Herbert Marshall McLuhan was born on July 21, 191...

Singer vs Regan
Singer vs Regan Tom Rybak Phil 340-01 2000-02-03 Singer vs. Regan Despite their rather different philosophical foundations, both philosophers arrive at basically the same conclusions. Singer takes a utilitarian approach, while Regan takes a deontological rights and inherent value position. In the end they both take a position of vegetarianism and advocated banning animal experimentation and sport hunting. In an exchange of letters in the April 25, 1985 issue of The New York Review of Books, ...

Sociocultural factors that influence the direction
Sociocultural factors that influence the direction of scientific discovery CAN CHANGES BE MADE IN THE GOALS AND PRINCIPLES OF SCIENCE BE EXPLAINED BY THE SOCIO-CULTURAL FACTORS AT WORK DURING THAT TIME? Philosophical analysis and scientific practice: The arguments about these rival ontological and epistemological views cannot be safely left or judged without first looking more closely at the complex relationship between the general analytical interests of philosophers and the more specific intel...

Socrates Plato and Christianity Through the Eyes o
Socrates Plato and Christianity Through the Eyes of Friedrich Nietzsche Socrates has undoubtedly had a major impact upon western philosophy and society in general. Plato, whose work is essentially an elaboration and expansion upon that of Socrates, has had a similar effect. Naturally, these two philosophers have been subjects of immense academic interest for over two thousand years. With this great interest comes both praise and criticism. One of the most critical writers to attack these legenda...

Socrates vs Crito A decision of life
Socrates vs Crito A decision of life Socrates vs. Crito: A Decision of Life Courtney Intro. to Philosophy May 29, 2000 Summer Pre-Session Socrates vs. Crito: A Decision of Life The dialogue Crito, by Plato, recounts the last days of Socrates, immediately before his execution was going to take place in Athens. In the dialogue, Socrates friend, Crito, proposes that Socrates escape from prison. Socrates considers this proposal, trying to decide if escaping would be just and morally justified. ...

Socrates1
Socrates1 Philosophy is a vast field. It examines and probes many different fields. Virtue, morality, immortality, death, and the difference between the psyche (soul) and the soma (body) are just a few of the many different topics which can be covered under the umbrella of philosophy. Philosophers are supposed to be experts on all these subjects. The have well thought out opinions, and they are very learned people. Among the most revered philosophers of all time was Socrates. Living around the 5...

Socrates1
Socrates1 Philosophy is a vast field. It examines and probes many different fields. Virtue, morality, immortality, death, and the difference between the psyche (soul) and the soma (body) are just a few of the many different topics which can be covered under the umbrella of philosophy. Philosophers are supposed to be experts on all these subjects. The have well thought out opinions, and they are very learned people. Among the most revered philosophers of all time was Socrates. Living around the 5...

Socrates2
Socrates2 The life of the Greek philosopher Socrates (469-399 BC) marks such a critical point in Western thought that standard histories divide Greek philosophy into pre-Socratic and post-Socratic periods. Socrates left no writings of his own, and his work has inspired almost as many different interpretations as there have been interpreters. He remains one of the most important and one of the most enigmatic figures in Western philosophy. As a young man Socrates became fascinated with the new sci...

Socrates2
Socrates2 The life of the Greek philosopher Socrates (469-399 BC) marks such a critical point in Western thought that standard histories divide Greek philosophy into pre-Socratic and post-Socratic periods. Socrates left no writings of his own, and his work has inspired almost as many different interpretations as there have been interpreters. He remains one of the most important and one of the most enigmatic figures in Western philosophy. As a young man Socrates became fascinated with the new sci...

Soren Kierkegaard
Soren Kierkegaard In the world of the existentialist there are many questions that need answering. Why do we exist? What is right and what is wrong? Who decides what is right and what is wrong? Throughout his life, existentialist, Soren Kierkegaard tried to answer these and many other perplexing questions. Kierkegaard was a devout Christian who felt that it should be the goal of all humans to become a Christian just as he had. Human life in general does not really concern the existentialist, how...

Spinoza and Free Will
Spinoza and Free Will There are many great philosophical ideas and questions that are known and of course unknown. One of the questions that really enticed my interest was the question of whether or not we have free will. I myself was once a believer of people having free will and doing what I want was my choice and my choice alone. However, after careful consideration and lectures I have been reversed in how I believe in free will. Is there any free will though? Many people would say yes there ...

Spinozas Ethics Part I Proposition 33
Spinozas Ethics Part I Proposition 33 Baruch Spinoza believes the essence of God includes God\'s existence and discusses the causality of God through his ontological work, Ethics. In Ethics, Spinoza is seeking a method of truth through the perfect being. The essence of what that perfect being expresses, using this method of truth, is God (i.e. the perfect being). In this essay I am going to give a detailed account of Part I, Proposition 33 of Spinoza\'s book Ethics. Part I, Proposition 33 of Eth...